green, adj. and n.1
, OE groene
), OE–16 grene
, lOE græne
, lOE grane
, ME greine
, ME griene
, ME grone
, ME–15 grenne
, ME–15 greyn
, ME–15 greyne
, ME–15 gryne
, ME–16 greene
, ME–16 gren
, ME– green
, 15 greane
, 15 grenn
, 15 grien
, 16 creen
(in representations of Welsh English), 18– grein
)), 18– grin
, pre-17 greine
, pre-17 gren
, pre-17 grene
, pre-17 greyn
, pre-17 greyne
, pre-17 grien
, pre-17 griene
, pre-17 gryne
, pre-17 17 grein
, pre-17 17– green
, 19– grøn
), 19– grün
(1900) also records a form ME grenn
. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Cognate with Old Frisian grēne
green, fresh, Middle Dutch groene
green, fresh, youthful, inexperienced, (of food) raw, untreated, also groene
(noun) green, greenness, greenery, verdure, grassy ground, vegetables, greens, green fabric (Dutch groen
), Old Saxon grōni
green (Middle Low German grȫne
green, (as noun) green, greenness, greenery, verdure, grassy ground, fruit, vegetables, greens), Old High German gruoni
green (as the colour of plants, some precious stones, the sea), fresh, healthy, (of food) raw, untreated, also gruonī
(noun) green, greenness, greenery, verdure, health, vigour (Middle High German grüene
, German grün
), Old Icelandic grœnn
green (as the colour of verdure, etc.), fresh, hopeful, good, Old Swedish grön
green, fresh, new (Swedish grön
), Old Danish grøn
green, fresh (Danish grøn
), a derivative formation < the Germanic base of
As shown by the (selective) glosses given above, the associations with verdure, freshness, newness, health, and vitality are widespread among the Germanic languages. The developments shown by sense
show a quite different and somewhat contrary development, and probably result in large part ultimately from association with ancient Greek χλωρός
green, pale (see ) and with ancient and medieval medical traditions; compare classical Latin viridis
‘green’ used of a ‘greenish’ complexion taken as a sign of illness or excess of bile.
Attested earlier in place names (in sense ), as Manegrena
, Norfolk, lit. ‘common green’ (1086; now Mangreen), le Spitelgrene
, North Riding, Yorkshire (12th cent.; now lost), etc.; also very common in surnames in this sense, as Geoffrey de Grene
(1188), Willelmus de la Grene
(1193), Galfridus Attegrene
(1206), Petr. Atte Grene de Griston
1311), Adam othe Grene
after classical Latin prasinus
, denoting this faction, use as noun of masculine of prasinus
leek-green (see ); compare classical Latin prasina factiō
A. adj. I.
With reference to colour.
Of a colour intermediate between blue and yellow in the spectrum; of the colour of grass, foliage, an emerald, etc.Green light has a wavelength in the approx. range 500 to 575 nm.Frequently with prefixed nouns or adjectives denoting a particular shade. apple, bottle-, dark, emerald-, grape-, grass-, lettuce, olive-, pea-, sea-green: see the first element. See also sense .
b. gen. Designating minerals, glass, animal fur, plumage, textiles, coloured light, etc.
Aurocalcum, groeni aar.
ii. xxxvi. 242
Wamb [biþ] ungewealden & unyþe micge biþ hal, ac hio biþ sweartre & grenre & blacre þonne hire riht sie.
OE Vision of Leofric in
He stod on middan þære flore aþenedum earmum mid mæsse[reafe] gescrydd & hæfde grene mæssehacelan on him beorhte scinende.
a1200 MS Trin. Cambr. in R. Morris
2nd Ser. 163
Hire winpel [is] wit..and hire mentel grene oðer burnet.
Land of Cokaygne l. 70 in W. Heuser
Þe pilers..Beþ iturned of cristale, Wiþ har las [read bas] and capitale Of grene Iaspe and rede corale.
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
II. xix. xix. 1291
Hunters cloþeþ hemself in grene, for þe beste loueþ kyndeliche grene coloures.
Þe roche..þat painted es wit grene heu.
Þe sailes.., som were blak & blo, Som were rede & grene.
1463 in S. Tymms
A bagge of grene silk.
?a1513 W. Dunbar
The emerant greyne.
1533 T. Paynell tr. U. von Hutten i. f. 2v
The colour of these pusshes was derke grene, and the syght therof was more greuous vnto the pacient than the peyne it selfe.
1593 B. Barnes 120
There in a mantle of light greene..Parthenophe they did aray.
a1618 J. Sylvester Monodia in
Embroidered gowns Of grass-green silk-shag.
1677 A. Horneck
He that looks on a green glass, fancies all things he looks upon to be green.
1687 A. Lovell tr. J. de Thévenot i. 6
The whiteness of the Earth..makes many Commanders and Knights to wear green Spectacles.
1727 P. Longueville 23
Trees where the green sort of Monkeys harbour.
1805 14 237
Pain in his head, attended with vomiting, and purging, of a green and bilious matter.
1828 J. Stark I. 250
Wing-coverts green, with red margins.
1879 G. C. Harlan v. 63
A green light at night marks the ‘starboard’ or right-hand side of a vessel.
1887 20 Jan. 38/3
Pink satin bags, tied with bow and ends of bronze-green satin ribbon.
1900 18 Apr. 8/1
The new halfpenny green stamp was on sale yesterday.
1953 A. G. E. Pearse vi. 115
The cytoplasm and nucleoli were colourless while the nuclei were green.
Jimenez..was sporting glasses that had bright-blue rims and lime-green earpieces.
c. Designating the water of the sea; hence as an epithet of Neptune. In later use also spec. of seawater shipped on board a boat.
The statue of Venus..fro the nauele doun al couered was With wawes grene and brighte as any glas.
c1425 J. Lydgate
v. l. 612 (MED)
Þe se ful ofte with swiche wedris kene Boilyng vp with many wawes grene.
1598 Chaucers Dreame in T. Speght f. 361/2
Sailing..Ouer the waues, high and greene.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iv. xv. 58
I, that with my Sword, Quarter'd the World, and o're greene Neptunes backe With Ships, made Cities.
1667 J. Milton vii. 402
Fish that..Glide under the green Wave.
1773 J. Robertson
O'er green Neptune 's briny Flood, And his Scale-arm'd Tritons scud To Savannahs smooth.
1785 W. Cowper v. 835
When he sees afar His country's weather-bleach'd and batter'd rocks, From the green wave emerging.
1829 W. N. Glascock I. 216
You'll have to lighten her at last; for the boats are shipping green seas every minute.
1850 J. Wilson Let. in
The deep green sea is at your feet.
1867 W. H. Smyth & E. Belcher
Green Sea, a large body of water shipped on a vessel's deck; it derives its name from the green colour of a sheet of water between the eye and the light when its mass is too large to be broken up into spray.
1910 F. Innes Diary 1 Feb. in
She took a green sea over the forecastle head, lifting me clean over the cat tail and anchor and washed me over the side.
1948 V. Watkins 13
Slipping through listening hands And lips of stone, where stands Green Neptune.
1958 K. Nelson & C. Ford ix. 140
I could smell the sea, and notice the milky-green expanse of open water.
17 Dec. v. 7/5
Curving shore pines rise out of the precisely carved undulating azaleas like masts on a green sea.
d. Of meat: putrid from long keeping (with reference to the green surface tint which it acquires).
1847 R. M. Martin II. vii. 378
Calcutta cured meat perfectly green with putridity.
1863 1 Jan. 5
I know men..who would not touch a hare unless it was regularly ‘green’ before cooking.
1921 J. A. Minturn xv. 140
He had helped to hoist meat out of ship's hold that was green with mold, and if he ever became an officer he would see that his men fared as well as he.
1994 D. Nixon
When the men went to cut some flesh from the dead horses, they found that the meat was green and filled with maggots.
b. Of a season of the year: characterized by abundance of greenery, foliage, etc. Of a winter, Christmas, etc.: mild, without frost or snow.
c1425 J. Lydgate
i. l. 1291
Whan þat..grene ver I-passed were, ay fro ȝer to ȝer, And May was com, þe monyth of gladnes.
J. Lydgate Life Our Lady
in W. B. D. D. Turnbull
The comyng Of greene veer with fresch buddes new.
1588 J. Harvey 62
I know not what greene Christmas, and red Haruest.
1591 A. Fraunce f. 55
I was borne and bred fiue miles beyond S. Michaels mount, foure summers before the greene winter.
1642 T. Fuller iii. xix. 202
A green Christmas is neither handsome nor healthfull.
1710 27–29 Nov.
A Green Christmas makes a Fat Church-Yard.
1721 J. Kelly 30
A green yule makes a fat Church-yard.
1832 Ld. Tennyson ix
The pits Which some green Christmas crams with weary bones.
1898 5 Mar. 5/2
Good English poultry..with prices for the most part high. Owing to the green winter, however, they are not nearly so high as usual.
1971 J. Gardam xiv. 120
We had a dirty, warmish Christmas—a ‘green’ Christmas all the old ladies called it, coming out of church.
2001 J. Waterman iii. 224
The faux friendliness of people on the street is as fleeting and token as the distant green summer.
b. Designating a green-coloured channel or exit at a border, through which travellers who have no goods to declare to customs authorities may pass.
1968 11 Apr. 1/2
A more selective system of Customs questioning of passengers..is provided for in the finance bill published yesterday... Those who have anything to declare will go through a ‘red’ channel... Those who have nothing to declare will pass through a ‘green’ channel.
1970 16 Dec. 3/2
He calmly drove through the ‘green’ channel, indicating he had nothing to declare.
1998 July 688/1
Believing he did not have to declare any of his possessions, Optiz passed through the green customs exit.
c. In North America and some European countries: designating a ski run or trail suitable for beginners, marked with a green symbol (cf. ) and represented on a map in green. Cf. sense .
[1964 Fall 41/1
Runs will be marked with a green square for the easiest runs.]
1974 H. Evans et al. 33
Here is what we have found to be the general pattern of designation in Europe... Green: easy, for beginners.
1985 5 Oct. 13/1
Beginners quickly gain confidence and competence on the broad ‘green’ runs.
1992 26 Dec. 128/1
Today an averagely fit person can master easy green or blue runs within a few days.
26 Mar. b3
The snowboarder..was navigating the Pica Trail green run when the crash happened.
Having qualities which in plants are often indicated by green colour: flourishing, fresh, new, immature.
That has not been prepared or treated for consumption or use.
b. Of an animal skin: raw, untanned, unseasoned.Recorded earliest in .
OE Aldhelm Glosses
in L. Goossens
Recentis corii : noui, grenre hyde.
a1400 in K. W. Engeroff
Also, no man ne may bygge leþer grene ne skyn grene in þe towun, but ȝif he be of fraunchyse.
1577 M. Hanmer tr. Bp. Eusebius in viii. xxiii. 163
A yonge man..was wrapped together with a dogge and a serpent in a greene oxe hyde, and caste into the deapth of the sea.
1600 C. Edmondes ii. vii. 78
The vpper roofe was commonly couered with greene or raw hides, to keepe it from burning.
1630 in M. Wood
That na maisters nor servandis..pas to anye buith or fleschour hous to buye anye grein skynnis.
1806 S. Fraser 30 June
He gave us..two drysed [dressed] and one green orignal [moose] skins, for which he got goods.
1852 C. Morfit
It would be greatly to the interest of the tanner..if all hides were imported in a green state, that is, merely salted.
1910 II. 105
Sheepskins in the green state are easily soaked because of their open nature.
1983 J. E. Churchill ix. 120
Let it soak for about one hour for a green skin or forty-eight hours for a dry-salted skin.
c. Of wood, vegetable fibres, or items made from these: unseasoned, not thoroughly dried.
Ðe seuendai e[f]t [MS est] ut it tog, And brogt a grene oliues bog.
a1393 J. Gower
v. l. 4959 (MED)
Bardus..hadde gadred him a tasse Of grene stickes and of dreie To selle.
Thai mak the saidillis of grene tymmer quhair thai aw to be maid of widderit and dry.
c1440 6 (MED)
Tak þe grene bowes of an asche & bryne þam, & kepe þe jeuse þat commes owte at þe endis.
1477 Earl Rivers tr.
Grene wode is hotter than the other whan it is wel kyndeled.
?1523 J. Fitzherbert f. xiiiiv
If the rake be made of grene wode the heed wyll nat abyde vpon ye stele.
1563 J. Foxe 1048/1
Greene woode, and other smotheryng rather then burnyng fewel.
1611 Judges xvi. 7
If they binde mee with seuen greene withs [margin. Or, newe coards, Heb. moist], that were neuer dried.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iii. iii. 80
One of you wil proue a shrunke pannell, and like greene timber, warpe, warpe.
1628 in P. H. Brown
2nd Ser. II. 438
Aganis putters of greene lint in running waters.
1749 E. Erskine Serm. in
A green yoke is galling and uneasy to the cattle.
1777 G. Forster I. 498
It had unfortunately been packed into new, or what are called green casks.
1875 E. H. Knight 2281/2
Split, a ribbon of wood rived from a rough piece of green timber.
1881 1 June
Lumber Rep., Quotations for cargoes of green lumber.
1902 G. S. Whitmore iv. 50
A double row of stout green timber, with a ditch and bank behind, from which the defenders fired from loopholes.
1996 24 May 12/1
The ceiling starting to take shape is in an unashamedly Gothic style, using green oak, following a modern trend towards unseasoned use of the wood.
d. Of meat or fish: uncured, undried, raw.Recorded earliest in
1425 in R. W. Chambers & M. Daunt
Item, for grene Fissh, vj d.
1577 W. Harrison Hist. Descr. Islande Brit. iii. viii. f. 109v/1, in R. Holinshed I
Of these [sc. swine], some we eate greene for porcke, & other dryed vp into Bacon.
1607 E. Topsell 604
Their Oxen, Camels, and sheep, eate fishes after they be dryed, for they care not for them when they be green.
For sellinge a stirke beefe wch wee were informed had the turne and for sellinge a quarter of greene beefe the same day.
1697 W. Dampier xx. 538
Their Legs are wrapt round with Sheep-guts... These are put on when they are green.
1714 tr. 42
Fish-Cod dry..Ditto Green.
1725 I. Watts i. iv. §8
We say, the Meat is green when it is half-roasted.
A green ham wants no soaking.
1814 S. Pegge
Green, raw, not done enough.
1845 B. Disraeli III. vi. vii. 228
‘'Tis the tenpence a-pound flitch,’ said the comely dame..‘I have paid as much for very green stuff,’ said Mrs. Mullins.
The sides are re-stacked and salted..They are now ‘green bacon’, and only require drying and smoking.
(Reader's Digest Assoc.)
Bacon and gammon are cured together in brine for 4 days and then stacked in maturing rooms for 7-11 days. At the end of this stage bacon is known as green bacon.
?1977 W. J. Bursey 167
While the fish was still green, the Monroe Company sent some vessels to our wharf.
1996 A. Theroux 271
‘Green meat’ is a rancher's term for meat that has not been aged.
e. Of clay, bricks, pottery, cement, etc.: undried, unburnt, unfired.
1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny II. xxxiv. xviii. 519
Some there be who take file-dust of lead, put the same in an earthen pot of greene potters clay, set the same into an ouen, and so let it calcine therein vntill such time as the pot be well and througly baked.
a1676 J. Dunton
If we consider the Substance of Mans Body, which being a Building compact of green Clay, is easily overthrown with a small puff of Wind.
1724 J. Philips et al. tr. Ovid
I. iv. 98
Thro' the wall that parted them, was left (By the green cement's shrinking) a small cleft.
?1735 II. vi. 114
Crude green Clay, dug out of deep Fosses or Pits, and burnt into Use for Husbandry.
1825 ‘J. Nicholson’ 463
When the clay is in one peculiar state, called the green state.
1875 R. Hunt & F. W. Rudler
The [bisque] ware being finished from the hands of the potter is brought by him upon boards to the ‘green-house’, so called from its being the receptacle for ware in the ‘green’ or unfired state.
The salt-glaze process must essentially modify the ornamentation of the ware, since it receives it in the stage of raw or green clay.
1937 Apr. 138/2
I knew enough about cement products to realize that my ‘green’ or uncured bricks could not be handled without distorting their accurate shapes.
1989 22 June 38/3
It's powerful—so it'll drive nails into any timber or even green concrete.
f. Of cloth or textile fibres: unbleached. Cf. . Now historical.
1727 Act 10 Geo. I c. 2 in
No Unbleached Cloths, called Green Cloths, shall be brought to any Market or Fair, or shall be sold or exposed to Sale, otherwise than in the Folds and no ways tied.
1791 J. Coulter in I. 363
It [sc. flax] is brought to market, both green and bleached.
1817 Aug. 285/1
Hemp, fur, sailcloth,..common wool, bleached and green linen.
1883 W. Jolly vi. 54
The firm also had a bleach-field at Rubeslaw,..where ‘green’ linen yard was bleached white.
1913 W. A. G. Clark 44
Unbleached yarns are known as gray, or green, yarns and in the weaving trade cloth made from such yarns is known as green linens.
1946 17 382
The green linens were bought and sold at the markets, and the professional bleachers carried out the next step in finishing the product for the trade.
g. Of coffee beans: unroasted.
1761 H. Lloyd Let. 7 Aug. in P. L. White
Price Current..Green Coffee 3/9.
1844 New Ser. 1 40/2
For sale, the following articles, viz: Green Coffee, Roasted Coffee, Ground Coffee.
The trade in roasted coffees..is fast supplanting that in green coffees.
1921 B. Crowell & R. F. Wilson II. 604
The only way for the troops to secure fresh coffee was for us to send over the green product for roasting as it was needed.
2006 T. Arndorfer & K. Hansen 56
Green coffee weighs more than roasted coffee due to moisture loss during roasting.
Unaltered by time or natural processes; fresh, new.
b. Of a wound: recent, fresh, unhealed, raw. Frequently figurative. Now archaic and rare.
To winchestre he was ilad al mid is grene wounde.
a1393 J. Gower
vii. l. 4618 (MED)
This Arrons..made him woundes ten or tuelve Upon the bak..And so forth with hise hurtes grene..He rod.
Wiþ his blood and peynes grene.
c1450 in W. R. Dawson
Ach of wounde that is grene or new.
?1541 R. Copland Galen's Fourth Bk. Terapeutyke sig. Dj, in
Is nat that to cure an vlcere as a grene wounde?
1596 J. Dalrymple tr. J. Leslie
Perchance the rememberans of this grene wound..makes ȝow the feirter.
1617 J. Woodall 108
Resina..is excellent for the cure of greene and fresh wounds.
1625 F. Bacon
A Man that studieth Reuenge, keepes his owne Wounds green.
1642 T. Fuller v. x. 393
Making the green wound of an errour fester into the old soare of an Heresie.
a1682 Sir T. Browne
Pouring Oil into a green Wound.
1760 J. Home iii. i. 25
Like a green wound, At first I felt it not.
1766 S. Scott I. ii. ii. 172
It may afford room for mirth; but the wound is yet green, and bleeds afresh not only in the presence, but on the thought of her who gave it.
1780 E. Burke 12
Whilst the wounds of those I loved were yet green.
1866 J. Conington tr. Virgil vi. 193
Her death-wound ghastly yet and green.
1886 T. Hardy II. xv. 200
I took it like a lamb, for I saw it could not be settled there. He can rub brine on a green wound!
1932 S. Gwynn i. 28
A letter from Gray plainly echoes what Walpole had written, in that September while the wound was still green.
1937 20 Nov. 1204/2
In the later years 18 women appear as surgeons, phlebotomists, bone-setters, or curers of sores and green wounds.
1951 G. Heyer xv. 228
He has certainly taken it better than I expected—but Ulverston's presence cannot but keep the wound green!
†c. Of a person: recently recovered from an illness (with of). Of a mother: recently delivered of a child. green in earth: just buried. Obsolete.
1474 J. Paston in
Whyche cheere also hathe made me perffyghtly hool, I thanke God and yow, in so moche þat where as I feeryd me þat for weykenesse, and so green recoveryd off my syknesses, þat I scholde have apeyryd by the weye.
1533 T. More f. v
The moder is yet but grene good soule, & hath nede of good kepyng.
1598 R. Bernard tr. Terence Adelphi v. vii, in 328
Its the better a great deale, then the greene woman be brought hither through the streete.
1599 W. Shakespeare iv. iii. 41
Where bloudie Tybalt yet but greene in earth, Lies festring in his shroude.
1660 T. Fuller ii. xxxix. 58
England is this green Woman, lately brought to bed of a long-expected Childe Liberty.
1706 No. 4254/4
William Coster..green of the Small-pox.
1825 J. Jamieson Suppl.
Green cow, a cow recently calved; denominated from the freshness of her milk.
1877 H. James xxv. 452
He thought of Valentin de Bellegarde, still green in the earth of his burial.
d. Retaining the traces of newness; perceptibly fresh or recent. Now only in technical uses.
1585 in J. Stuart
Dyuers personis..desyris the bodeis of thair departit freindis to be bureit in the said kirk, swa that throw the multitude of deid bodeis bureit tharin few places is to be fund thairintill but grein grauis.
a1600 MS Rec. Aberdeen in J. Jamieson
Suppl. (at cited word)
New and grein graves.
1609 A. Gardyne sig. H
Marke amongs, those Marble Monuments, This Graue, yet grene.
1611 R. Cotgrave
Peindre à fraiz, to paint with water-colours on a greene, or new-mortered, wall.
1679 &c. 30
He believes that the hand that writ the Letter..and the Bill that he saw green..were the same.
1721 J. Perry 87
The Mischief that must ensue if the Tide went over such a green Bank or Wall of Earth.
1739 ‘R. Bull’ tr. F. Dedekind 174
Bid 'em be jogging, while their Boots are green.
1776 G. Semple 49
To preserve the green Mortar..from being washed away before it would get proper Time to cement.
1878 F. S. Williams
If the fire is ‘green’ (that is, if coals have only lately been put on).
1970 G. E. Evans xxii. 247
They might..have to return to work at a late hour to load a green kiln, that is, move a piece of grain that had reached the final stage of germination, on to the kiln for roasting.
1994 J. Andrews 37
Pack a layer of wet green coal around the sides of the firebox. (Green coal is new, unburnt coal).
†b. Of a bird: immature. Obsolete.Recorded earliest in
1506 in J. B. Paul
To the woman that brocht grene geys to the King.
1521 in A. F. Johnston & M. Rogerson
Item in xiiijcim aucis vulgariter Grenegeys v d.
1660 S. Fisher ii. 38
They run like a company of Green-guls with shells on their heads.
c. Of a person, or his or her powers or capacities: immature, raw, untrained, inexperienced. Also of an animal, esp. a racehorse or dog: untrained; frequently in to run green : to run in an undisciplined manner. Cf. , , and .
1548 N. Udall et al. tr. Erasmus I. Luke vi. 75
Unlearned and rawe or grene in cunning.
1585 T. Washington tr. N. de Nicolay iii. xiv. 97 b
As they were young of yeeres and age, they should also bee greene of sense and judgment.
1598 W. Shakespeare i. ii. 86
It was so sir, for she had a greene wit.
1603 R. Knolles 744
He being an old commander, and halfe blind, saw more in the matter than all those greene captaines with their sharpe sight.
1639 T. Fuller i. xii. 18
Green striplings unripe for warre.
1735 W. Pardon (at cited word)
A young or unexperienced Person in Arts, Sciences, &c. is sometimes said to be green.
1822 C. Lamb in Feb. 175/1
Green probationers in mischief.
1871 S. Smiles
I had gone out parrot-potting, with another young fellow almost as green as myself.
Mr Vyner's puppy appearing to run very green to commence with.
1880 A. H. Huth I. iv. 246
[He] chooses his course while his mind is yet green and unformed.
1894 J. D. Astley II. 75
Actea ran very green, and had a small boy on her back.
1894 10 Jan. 11/5
Very early in her voyage she encountered a very severe storm, and that with a green crew.
1897 May 110/2
Trained coach-horses..as well as green stock.
1908 L. M. Montgomery xxxi. 350
Then we'll be left and have to turn to and break in another green preacher.
1986 17–19 Apr. 10/6
She ran very green on her first start and didn't seem to know what racing was about until the final two furlongs.
1989 M. Norman ii. 41
The platoon had been under the command of a new lieutenant, very green and very desperate to prove himself.
2007 Oct. 156
Working nicely but still green. Needs experienced person to further her education.
d. Of a person: naive, gullible. Also of an idea or action: characterized by, or displaying, naivety.
1605 G. Chapman iv. i
You're green, your credulous; easy to be blinded.
1695 W. Congreve iv. i. 65
He hadn't a word to say, and so I left 'n, and the Green Girl together.
1753 Oct. 490/2
Green..I continued even in externals near two years.
1825 C. M. Westmacott I. 236
‘Chaunting’ a horse to a green one.
1843 C. Dickens
I've been and got married. That's rather green, you'll say.
1861 T. Hughes I. iv. 71
Most readers..will think our hero very green for being puzzled at so simple a matter.
1952 M. Kennedy 76
I must have been very green if I really entertained the idea of seducing her.
1998 No. 33. 24/3
Last year..I was still green. I was sold some fake items and it cost me.
Full of vitality; not withered or worn out.
b. Of the body. Also spec. of the bones: full of marrow; living.
a1522 G. Douglas tr. Virgil
i. x. l. 6
Within hir banys greyn The hoyt fyre of lufe to kyndill.
1526 R. Whitford tr. 140
His holy body .x. yeres after was founde in the same state and maner and the flesshe and blode as grene and fresshe as the same daye he was slayne.
1577 M. Hanmer tr. Bp. Eusebius in viii. vii. 9
Their freshe and greene bodyes.
1658 J. Spencer 98
The children of God..seem withered, and as it were dead, yet the wicked all that time flourish, and do appear green in the eyes of the World.
1916 179 82
He testified positively that the blood upon the bones was human blood; that the bones were fresh green skull bones.
2006 24 Apr. 147/3
The shape of the impressions told her that they had been made on fresh, ‘green’ bone.
In extended uses.
b. Of a product, service, etc.: designed, produced, or operating in a way that minimizes harm to the natural environment.green burial, energy, fuel, etc.: see .
(United Nations Environment Programme)
Less than 1 per cent of energy then came from green sources.
We have to give the supermarkets credit for numerous green ventures, including own-brand environmentally-friendly products.
1993 July 26/1
Car makers apparently agree with environmentalists that the pressure to create cleaner, greener cars will prevail.
2001 30 Apr. y10
This year, and additional 1,000 MW of green power will come on-line, thanks to a doubling of wind capacity.
B. n.1 1.
1728 M. Delany
The man at the Poultry has tea of all prices,—Bohea from thirteen to twenty shillings, and green from twelve to thirty.
1749 D. Garrick 3 Aug.
The Breakfast was at a Stand! Mr Maud's..best Green cool'd in ye Cups.
1835 C. Dickens in 4 Oct. 1/1
Two ounces of seven and sixpenny green.
1838 C. Dickens III. xxxviii. 31
Half a pound of seven and sixpenny green, so precious strong..it'll go nigh to blow the lid of the teapot off.
1914 Aug.–Sept. 144/2
Where green is liked it may be used in the proportion of two ounces of green to one pound of black.
2006 J. Salter 146
Green has the lowest levels of caffeine..while black has twice that.
†c. A greenhorn; a simpleton. Cf. sense . Obsolete.
It appears that George Charteris..had been ‘doing’ the green, and taking in the ‘deep ones’, quite in the gull-catching style, for a considerable period.
1840 G. Thompson 280
I then with my comrade stole from a green twelve shirts..and some stockings.
1841 7 54/2
I knifed a flat-boat Hoozier—took his lucre—Went up the country—rifled twenty greens.
[1853 ‘C. Bede’
The adventures of Mr. Verdant Green, an Oxford Freshman.]
1924 27 Apr. 6
Green, inexperienced person.
†d. slang. With the. Absinthe. Obsolete. rare.
[Compare French verte, noun (1866).]
1889 E. Dowson 18 Feb.
I have not felt myself since my generous allowance of the potent green on Thursday & was right ‘orf’ the fascinating fluid yesterday.
e. In singular and plural. slang (originally U.S.). Money. Cf. and .
1917 8 May 9/1
They'd rather land in The Tower with a squib Than rake in the well-known green.
1925 Flynn's Mag. in E. Partridge
Greens, paper currency; bank notes.
1961 21 July 81/2
The hours proved to be from four to half eleven in the morning and the greens would amount to eight ten a week.
1962 L. Deighton vi. 44
At five shillings a dose that's a lot of green.
1968 3 Jan. 6
What had been ‘dough’ in the 20's and became ‘readies’ and ‘greens’ in the 50's turned up again as ‘bread’.
1971 ‘R. Crawford’ i. ii. 24
When finally we did lay our mitts on a nice pile of green, Arthur simply knuckled under to luxury.
2003 May 108/3
Man's unwavering desire to cheat, fiddle and finagle his fellow man out of their hard-earned green.
f. A green light or flare, etc., used as a signal. Also figurative. Cf. sense .
[1895 15 286
In this country white is generally used to signify safety; green is used to signify caution..while red is used to signify danger..in England, safety is signified by green, danger by red.]
1936 Apr. 13/3
The amber is to follow the green, but, never to follow the red as it does now in many cities.
1953 R. Chisholm ii. 30
At last I was given a ‘green’, but the dim pattern of aerodrome lights made little sense by this time.
1962 J. Braine ii. 31
The car in front of me stalled and I missed the green.
1963 ‘W. Haggard’ xi. 116
Overhead there was the unmistakable clatter of a helicopter, then another. Somebody fired a green.
1991 A. McCarten 141
Elliot waited at the lights for a green, the Corona humming evenly.
g. slang (originally U.S.). Marijuana or cannabis.
1957 J. Kerouac iii. ii. 184
He got hold of some bad green [1951 Orig. Scroll bad s--t], as it's called in the trade—green, uncured marijuana.
1958 A. Ginsberg 26 June in
Bill now smoking Green all drest in distinguished Averill Harriman black worsted flannel, thin, graying temples.
1969 12 Jan. 30/3
Everybody was talking pot last week (or Mary Jane, tea, grass, weed, hay, boo, gage, green or technically cannabis sativa).
2005 Mar. 10/3
They fuckin' smoke green! I bet they smoke only the best green, since they're practically rich.
†b. A tree, herb, or other plant, esp. one that is young and flourishing. Occasionally spec. an evergreen. Usually in plural. Obsolete.In quot. : the fruit of a plant, specifically glossing Latin acinum grape, so as to emphasize the contrast with uva passa dried grape, raisin.
eOE Cleopatra Gloss. in W. G. Stryker
(Ph.D. diss., Stanford Univ.)
Ad acinum, ða grenan. [L. quicquid ex vinea esse potest ab uva passa usque ad acinum non comedent.]
xxxvi. 2 in C. Horstmann
II. 167 (MED)
Als wortes of grenes [L. olera herbarum] tite fal sal þai.
37 55 (MED)
All that lande was ov[e]r cov[e]red with froste and snowe, and no man[ne]r of grenes apperyng in no place.
1593 T. W. Tears of Fancie xlvii, in
How each pleasant greene, Will now renew his sommers liuerie.
1605 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas ii. ii. 387
As the Sommers sweet-distilling drops..Re-greens the Greens, and doth the flowers re-flower.
1664 J. Evelyn Kalendarium Hortense 71 in
Myrtils, and other curious Greens.
1679–88 in J. Y. Akerman
Several orange trees and other greens.
1688 R. Holme ii. 86/2
Greens are such Trees or Herbs as are green all the year.
1699 M. Lister
Their Oleanders, Laurels, Lentiscus's and most other Greens had suffered miserably.
c1710 C. Fiennes
A large fountaine..with flower potts and Greens set round ye Brimm.
1715 A. Pope 7
In that soft Season when descending Showers Call forth the Greens, and wake the rising Flowers.
1721 E. Young v. ii
How every green is as the ivy pale!
c. Greenness as indicative of vigorous growth or youth; vigorous or flourishing things regarded collectively; frequently figurative: vigour, youthfulness, vitality.Now chiefly in .
c1595 Countess of Pembroke Psalme xcii. 36 in
Like Cedar high And like Date-bearing tree, For greene, and growth the iust shall be.
1597 T. Middleton xi. sig. O2v
Man had..perisht in the spring-time of his greene.
1645 G. Walker 30
The Lord is ready and waiteth for our amendment, that instantly and without delay he may scatter them as with a whirlewinde both the green and the dry.
1674 E. Calamy et al. 53
The Righteous have the Green of Profession, and the fruitfulness of their conversation; and 'tis pleasant Fruit.
1782 J. Howie
He repeated this expression thrice over, Lord, spare the green and take the ripe.
1866 J. M. Neale 26
How this saplessness shall flush to green.
d. In plural. Freshly-cut branches, leaves, or other greenery used for decoration. U.S. in later use.
1675 L. Addison xix. 176
They have a Custom at this Feast to strow the Synagogues, their dwelling Houses, and the Streets..with Greens, and to wear some upon their heads;..to commemorate that pleasant Verdure which was upon Mount Sinai.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Georgics i, in tr. Virgil 55
The peaceful Ground; Which only Turfs and Greens for Altars found.
1702 No. 3842/2
A Triumphal Arch..adorned with Greens and Flowers.
1767 Dodd 44 Poems 194
Strew thy greens and flowers so sweet.
1878 H. B. Stowe iv. 42
The Christmas greens in the church.
1897 18 Feb. 6/4
The staircase was ‘trimmed with green’, to use the expression current in the States.
1907 Jan. 67
The interior of the palace was beautifully decorated with greens, and with the American and Turkish flags entwined.
2004 L. Linsley 8
The mantels are strewn with greens, and the gracious stairway banister is wound with garlands.
b. gen. Grassy ground; a grassy spot (now chiefly British regional). Also (chiefly with modifying word) a piece of grassy ground used for a particular purpose.bleaching-, bowling-green: see the first element.
l. 704 (MED)
Igripe ha me eanes, ne ga i neauer mare þrefter o grene.
Sket was þe swike on þe asse leyd, And led vntil þat ilke grene.
ii. 2 (MED)
Ine..went to þe bataile in a fulle faire grene þat is vnder Kampedene, a medew I wene.
l. 2397 (MED)
Þai went þe cete þan wythowte Tyll a grene fayr & dry.
Also it [sc. Camamilla]..growyȝt on grenys and in gardynggis.
St. Blaise l. 241 in W. M. Metcalfe
Sewine sarkis schene he gert lay a-pone þe grene.
I. iii. 47
Behald on this greyn! Nowder cart ne plogh Is left.
The grete horses on the grene girdon abacke.
D. Lindsay Hist. Squyer Meldrum l. 439, in
No man..preissit to cum within the grene, Bot Heraldis and the Campiounis kene.
1603 R. Knolles 966
All enriched with goodly gardens and pleasant greenes.
1646 J. Evelyn
The whole country flat and even as a bowling-green.
1657 J. Howell 398
Go and walk in her [sc. London's] Fields, you shall see some shooting at long marks, some at Buts; some bowling upon dainty pleasant Greens, some upon Bares.
1667 J. Milton iv. 325
Under a tuft of shade that on a green Stood whispering soft.
1715 A. Pope tr. Homer I. iii. 224
Tho' some of larger Stature tread the Green.
1832 Ld. Tennyson Palace of Art xvii, in
Mid misty woods on sloping greens.
1877 W. Black xix
You..nearly put your foot in it by chaffing old Chorley about selling the piece of green.
1886 c. 59 §14
Any lands being an orchard, bleach-green, walled garden, haggard, or yard.
1906 J. Vaughan 56
The ledges and ‘greens’ which line the almost perpendicular chalk cliffs at Freshwater.
1916 T. S. Eliot 6 Sept.
The old men..play bowls on the green in the evening.
1952 W. M. Alexander 66
Further west, stretches of green pasture in heather areas are still called ‘greens’.
1999 May 44/2
When I do decide to retire, the only consideration will be how I am performing on the green and on recent evidence there's still some life in the old dog yet.
c. Golf. A putting green; a fairway. Also: a golf course (now rare).
The holes are situated at the different ends and sides of the green, at irregular distances.
1878 ‘Capt. Crawley’ 83
Green, a name for the Putting-ground, or for the Links or field.
1890 5 Apr. 225/3
There will soon be more greens in England than in Scotland.
1924 J. Braid 164
Par Play, perfect golf without flukes. Thus, if a green can be reached in two strokes, the hole is a Par four; two putts being allowed on each green.
1981 20 Aug. 3/4
It was a blind hole and when we reached the green we thought we had overstruck and gone into the rough.
8 June e8/2
Also called ironwoods or utilities, hybrids put the ball higher into the air, so shots from 200 yards are more likely to stick on the green.
b. Roman History. One of the factions () in the Circus, who adopted green as their distinctive colour; (in plural) the adherents of this faction.
1693 W. Congreve tr. Juvenal in J. Dryden et al. tr. Juvenal xi. 232
The Green, have won the Honour of the Day [L. eventum viridis quo colligo panni].
1734 tr. C.-L. de S. de Montesquieu xx. 162
The Blews were in no Apprehension of the Laws..and the Greens began to disregard them.
1884 Dec. 999
What light is thrown on the history of Byzantium by talking of the ‘Blues’ and the ‘Greens’?
1912 H. S. Jones v. 358
The favour of..the emperors who were infected with this passion was usually bestowed upon the Greens; the fashion was set by Caligula, who, as we are told, caused the horses of the rival factions to be poisoned.
2001 J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz vi. 212
The Greens refused to help him on the grounds that he was a notorious supporter of the Blues.
c. The emblematic colour of Ireland (cf. ), and hence of the Irish nationalist cause.
1770 G. Baretti III. lxi. 187
The habit of students in most universities is black; but in this each college is distinguished by a particular colour. That of the Irish is green.
What colour should be seen Where our fathers' homes have been, But our own immortal Green?
They are hanging men and women for the wearing of the green.
c1798 Hope in R. R. Madden
We fell to work, hammer and tongs, The Orange and Green both together.
1845 T. Davies in 186
Over many a noble town, and many a field of dead, They proudly set the Irish Green above the English Red.
1886 30 Oct. 291/3
The cover of this book, half of it of Nationalist green and the other half of Protestant orange, is a strange commentary on the virulence of party feeling.
1969 D. Niland iii. 82
This is Joey Emmett—he's one of us, he's got the green in him.
2007 19 Mar. 150/2
The hilly landscapes are lovely without being picturesque (none of the travel-ad Irish green).
†b. = Cf. . Obsolete. rare.
1526 cclviii. sig. P.i
De lentycula aque. Grenes, or ducke meate.
1884 W. Miller 58/2
Greens, Lemna minor.
c. Green vegetables or other plants used to feed animals. Now rare.
1607 E. Topsell 111
When they [sc. rabbits] eat greenes they must not drinke at all, for if they do, it is hazzard but they will incurre the Dropsie.
1675 J. Blagrave
When you perceive them [sc. canaries] begin to build and carry stuff, give them once a day, or in two days at least, a little Greens, and some Loaf-Sugar.
1727 P. Longueville 192
Finding by the greens in its mouth it was not a beast of prey.
1863 H. P. Leland iv. 82
One of them [sc. donkeys], ambitious of distinction, began clambering over the tops of the others in an insane attempt to get at some greens, temptingly displayed before him.
1978 W. Wharton
I go into the aviary with..dandelion greens or apple, things they like.
d. colloquial. Green vegetables used for food. Also occasionally in singular.Sometimes referring to specific types of green vegetable, esp. leafy varieties of brassica; cf. .
1710 E. Ward II. v. 86
One Spoonful more of Greens, my Dear, Eat freely, Love, and never fear..I know you like a Bit by th' by, That's hot and hot, as well as I.
1745 R. James II. at Spinache
Spinache, which is now so celebrated and useful a Green, seems unmention'd and unknown to the Antients.
1748 B. Robins & R. Walter ii. iii. 141
Greens, as wild celery, nettle-tops, etc.
1783 F. Burney 13 Jan.
At Mr. Garrick's table, [he] called out to a very timid young woman to help him to some greens.
1816 W. Scott III. vi. 121
A few half-cold greens and potatoes.
1843 J. Pereira 382
The Cabbage Tribe includes the Cabbage (both white and red), the Savoy, Greens, the Cauliflower, and Broccoli.
1852 G. A. Sala in 18 Dec. 315/1
A colossal amalgamation of cabbages, known in the precincts of the Brill, Somers Town..as a ‘green’.
1861 P. B. Du Chaillu 125
The leaves [of the manioc]..make excellent ‘greens’.
1904 P. White viii
Here was a real live soldier..eating mutton, potatoes, and greens—the usual Thursday stodge!—along with a lot of kids!
1906 6 Oct. 250/1
It was agreed that no true test of the merits of any one variety [of kale] as a winter green could be furnished until the winter was well advanced.
?a1958 F. B. Farris
It is surprising how many of the wild plants were good to eat. One of them was poke greens, which came up very early in the spring and tasted quite delicious.
2009 12 Sept. (Travel section) 4/4
A farmhouse supper (greens from the vegetable garden and their own beef).
e. slang. Sexual activity, esp. intercourse.Frequently in to get one's greens and variants, with implication of something which is (like vegetables in the diet) needed regularly.
1846 ‘Lord Chief Baron’
She kept the greens, for very few she sold; And, as her customers, the greens refuse, Why, then, the greens gave this fair maid the blues.
For Sairy gets her Bottomfelt, John Henry gets his Greens.
1893 J. S. Farmer & W. E. Henley III. 206/1
To have, get, or give one's greens, to enjoy, procure, or confer the sexual favour. Said indifferently of both sexes.
1963 L. Meynell vii. 164
Mr. Cahill..is an adult male with healthy instincts. He wants his greens regularly.
1967 G. Greene 27
Why not go after the girl?.. She's not getting what I believe is vulgarly called her greens.
1996 A. Theroux 259
To have, get or give one's greens, used for both sexes, is generally a slang phrase for heterosexual intercourse, meaning to enjoy, procure, or confer sexual favors.
7. A green pigment or dye.chrome, malachite, mountain, Paris, sap, Scheele's green, etc.: see the first element.For green as a colour, see sense .
1582 S. Batman xix. f. 393v
The Indiae, if it be not too much counterfeit, is the especiall grounde of greenes.
1611 R. Cotgrave at Chevre
Verd de chevre, a kind of sand whereof Painters make their greenes.
In working thereon with Green, it constantly weakens the Red which had first been laid on.
1879 H. Watts I. 949
Chromic oxide..forming one of the most permanent greens, called chrome-green.
1968 V. B. Mountcastle et al.
I. vi. 94/2
Dyes such as indocyanine green are the compounds most frequently used.
2001 P. Ball vii. 176
In England this pigment was called viridian. The Impressionists adored it, and it is Cezanne's definitive green.
8. In plural = . rare. Now historical.
1719 T. D'Urfey I. 313
The Maiden..that's vex'd with her Greens.
1961 12 49
Before deciding whether or not Falstaff could have had ‘the greens’, one would do well to examine the plays of Shakespeare wherein Falstaff is not mentioned for references to the sickness.
†9. A seton. Cf. sense . Obsolete. rare.
1781 P. Beckford viii. 115
A green, or seton, in the neck, is of great relief in most disorders of the eyes.
†10. Short for or . Obsolete. rare.
1836 C. Dickens 2nd Ser. 336
For some few years ago the dancing on May-day began to decline; small sweeps were observed to congregate in twos or threes, unsupported by a ‘green’.
11. In plural. In sugar manufacture: = .
1867 C. D. Braun in 6 463
Grüner Syrup (greens).
1871 17 Jan. 399
The last greens, after three successive crystallizations of sugar, are purified and sold as ‘golden syrup’.
1913 51 37/1
Gravity Filters No. 2—These serve all products in the..work of the ‘boiling’ house such as thick juice, high and low wash and greens and melted sugar.
1977 G. P. Meade & J. C. P. Chen
The ‘run-off’ (or ‘greens’) from this last boiling is the standard ‘final molasses’.
12. In snooker and similar games: a green ball; (also) an attempt to pot a green ball.
1889 A. W. Drayson 110
The pink is placed on the spot in the centre of the table; the blue on the left spot of the baulk; the green in the centre of baulk.
Brown on the middle of the baulk line; green on the left, and yellow on the right.
1946 20 May 3/3
He took the yellow but failed on a very difficult green which hovered in the jaws of the pocket.
1984 6 May 35/3
He attempted an incredibly difficult green to the middle pocket.
1998 Feb. 42/1
Both players had chances in the last but Fisher got control with a 24, fluking a green into the yellow pocket from the far middle knuckle.
[Apparently short for rhyming slang .]
The stage, esp. in on the green.
1937 E. Partridge 352/1
Green, stage: theatrical.
1940 29 June 462/2
‘On the Green’ is perfectly good rhyming slang for ‘On the Greengage’ = on the stage. As such, it is familiar to every touring actor, stage-door keeper and stage-hand of over forty, and is in constant use to-day.
1957 6 Dec. 742/1
If a modern producer asks his stage-manager to summon down a man from the flies, we might well hear the cry: ‘Bill, come down on the green a minute.’
1987 1 May 12/4
The old managers used to lay a green-baize cloth on the stage for performances, hence the saying, which I recall in use by the older generation of players when I was an absolute beginner, of seeing you ‘on the green’.
14. Particle Physics.
[An arbitrary choice of one colour of a set of three, analogous to the three primary colours.]
One of the three quark colours ().Cf. earlier .
1975 F. E. Close in B. 6 789
Each of these quarks can come in three colours red, blue, or green.
1989 U. Mosel ix. 156
r, g and b stand for the three colours (‘red’, ‘green’ and ‘blue’) and f represents the flavour index u, d, s etc.
2005 M. Livio vii. 220
Each quark flavor comes in three different colors, conventionally called red, green, and blue.
15. In plural. Also with capital initial. The members or supporters of an environmentalist political party; supporters of environmentalism, esp. as a political issue. Cf. sense .In early use particularly associated with the environmentalist party in West Germany (die Grünen).
1978 14 Jan. 39/2
The Greens are more likely to take votes from the Social Democrats and the Liberals than from the Christian Democrats.
1982 22 July 129/1
Die Grünen in Germany: a federation of broad interests forged..from three major citizen action groups... British greens believe such a federation is possible..here.
1983 24 Feb. 17/8
It has to be recognized that the world's economic story is now developing in a manner that goes the Greens' way.
1986 Sept. 4/2
If the government's greens..get their way, then the pollution from Drax B may yet be cleaned up.
2007 5 May 7/5
The Lib Dems and perhaps the Greens, or even Tories, will promise to support the ruling party.
P1. in the green tree
[after Luke 23:31, post-classical Latin in viridi ligno (Vulgate), Hellenistic Greek ἐν τῷ ὑγρῷ ξύλῳ]
: under conditions of ease or plenty.
OE (Northumbrian) xxiii. 31
Quia si in uiridi ligno haec faciunt,in arido quid fiet : forðon uel gif in groene tree ðas doað in drygi uel in alde huæd bið uel worðes?
Forþam gif hig on grenum treowe þas þing doð, hwæt doð hig on þam drigean?
Luke xxiii. 31
If thei don thes thingis in a grene tree, what schal be don in a drye?
l. 16663 (MED)
Quen suilk in grene tre es wroght, in dri sal mikel mare.
Ihesu seyde..‘Siþþe þei don þus in grene tre, Whan it sereþ how shal it be?’
1617 J. Hales 11
The dangerous effects of this haue appeared, not in the greene tree only, in young heads, but in men of constant age, and great place in the Church.
1873 W. Bagehot x. 273
That which happened so marvelously in the green tree may happen also in the dry.
1890 W. E. Norris xiv
If this was done in the green tree, what would be done in the dry?
1919 R. M. MacIver ii. 35
If these things happened in the green tree of abundant employment at good wages.., what shall be done now in the dry?
2009 T. Cahill vi. 129
If they do this in the green tree of Pennsylvania, the racially stacked juries of dry-tree Texas should come as no surprise.
P2. green old age: an old age that is full of vitality.
1634 T. Johnson tr. A. Paré i. v. 10
Those we say are beginning to grow old, or in their greene old-age.
1766 O. Goldsmith I. xiv. 134
His green old age seemed to be the result of health and benevolence.
1855 T. B. Macaulay III. xiv. 413
In youth his habits had been temperate; and his temperance had its proper reward, a singularly green and vigorous old age.
1989 J. Purdy xi. 52
First there was green old age, hardly different from middle age.
P3. Golf. through the green: on or along the whole area of the course, except for the putting green, the teeing ground of the hole being played, and the course hazards. rare.Used chiefly in descriptions of the rules of the game or course.
1783 in C. B. Clapcott
If a Ball, in playing thro' the Green, be stopt by the Player's partner.., it shall be played where it chance to ly.
If the player's ball move the opponent's ball through the green, the opponent..may drop a ball (without Penalty) as near as possible to the place where it lay.
2005 B. Elliot
If your ball becomes so badly damaged that it is unfit for play,..you must place a ball during play through the green instead of dropping.
†P4. to keep the bones green : to maintain good health. Obsolete.
1813 E. Picken II. 41
Tak' a skair, O' what may keep the banes just green.
1823 W. Scott I. x. 240
Ye might..have gotten..a Commissaryship..to keep the banes green.
a. colloquial. to see anything green in one's eye and variants: to detect any signs of gullibility in a person. Cf. . Now rare.
1838 4 177
‘Do you see anything green in my eye?’ suddenly remarked Mr. Cumming. ‘Oh! la! what do you mean?’ responded Miss Julia.
1851 H. Mayhew II. 41/2
I'm not a tailor, but I understands about clothes, and I believe that no person ever saw anything green in my eye.
1863 C. Reade xxiv
Do—you—see—anything—green—in this here eye?
1919 Dec. 417/1
Bill went quite close to the man, pulled down an eye-lid, and asked: ‘Do you see anything green in my eye?’
b. to see any green in one's eye : to detect any indication of inexperience or gullibility (frequently in rhetorical questions). Similarly there is no green in one's eye .
1842 July 431/1
The men..now inquired, with expressive gestures, whether he saw any green in their eyes.
1859 J. C. Hotten (at cited word)
‘Do you see any green in my eye?’ ironical question in a dispute.
1883 G. D. Atkin
Major P——'s unco' sly, There is no green about his eye.
1894 R. D. Blackmore II. iii. 50
Sergeant, do you see any green in my eye?
1936 F. Clune xxii. 219
The governor, however, hadn't any green in his eye, so in despair Andy smuggled a letter to Dr John Dunmore Lang.
1966 O. Norton vi. 106
‘You don't have to believe all you hear.’.. He leant forward and pulled down his lower eyelid. ‘See any green, Mrs Sumner?’
13 Apr. 31
‘There is no green in my eye’ was once a common retort to something said that didn't ring true.
P6. green around (also about, at, in) the gills : (of a person) looking or feeling ill or nauseated. Cf. .
1843 C. Dickens 13 Oct.
I am at this moment deaf in the ears, hoarse in the throat, red in the nose, green in the gills,..and fractious in the temper from a most intolerable and oppressive cold.
1862 R. H. Newell I. 237
‘Yer may take it for $250.’ ‘He turned green about the gills at that.’
1939 14 July 12/3
She stood by the rail an hour or more and then staggered down the gangplank... ‘Little green at the gills, she was,’ said our nautical informant.
1959 R. G. McCullough 154
Miss Mama felt green about the gills to think what the result would be.
1991 Apr. 60/2
[With] 110 pesticides in nonorganic raisins,..it's a wonder that Junior doesn't come home looking green around the gills.
2004 M. Cabot 169
‘It must be the champagne,’ I said lamely, because I didn't want to admit that it was the sight of my boss that had caused me to go green around the gills.
P7. in the green: while in leaf; in the period of youthful growth or vigour. Cf. , and sense .
1850 Ld. Tennyson lxxiii. 102
Thy leaf has perish'd in the green .
1886 C. H. Parkhurst Serm. 15 May in W. F. Crafts 267
All disobedience is anarchy, young anarchy, anarchy in the green.
1904 L. I. Guiney 63
It reminds us what a network of beneficent will and forethought made up that intense nature, and how the perishing leaf was but in the green.
3 Apr. d7/5
And when clumps get too dense, it's best to move them ‘in the green’, she said, referring to the time after the plants flower, while the leaves are still green.
P8. green with envy (also jealousy) : extremely envious.
1863 C. Reade xliii
The doctor was turning almost green with jealousy.
1881 5 July 2/2
Superbly modelled craft, whose lines would have made the old Baltimore clipper-builders green with envy.
1935 30 Aug. 4/2
My new bucket hat has made her green with envy.
1948 7 Feb. 45/1
Milton Berle's $15,000 for four days at the Miami Copa..is making other acts green with jealousy.
1972 G. M. Brown
His sermons were great... I was as green as the tree in the manse garden with envy.
2006 G. Malkani i. 3
An eloquence..that made me green with envy.
P9. to be not as green as one is cabbage-looking and variants: to be less of a fool than one might appear.
1882 30 Sept. 4/1
The moral which the splitter extracted from the experience was to the effect that a man is not necessarily green because he is cabbage looking.
1898 3 Nov. 4/1
I said I knew 'ow many beans made 5..and if I wor cabbage-looking I woren't green.
1922 J. Joyce ii. 299
Gob, he's not as green as he's cabbagelooking.
2002 J. McGahern
‘He wants to buy the place if he's able.’‘Aha... He's not as green as he's cabbage-looking.’
Compounds of the adjective.
Parasynthetic.Some of the following could be construed as instrumental compounds of the noun.
1757 J. Hill lvii. 679
Green back'd Ornithogalum.
1792 M. Riddell 77
The green-backed cavally (gasterosteus Carolinus Lin.).
1890 L. Ensor tr. A. Daudet iii. vii. 621
This little dingy shop, full of mouldy-smelling, green-backed books.
1911 Z. Grey vii. 81
You green-backed freshman! Shut up! You scrub!
Sometimes even those green-backed, butter-bellied summer cod..will show.
1772 J. Fielding Let. 4 Nov. in
The man shot by the Captain..had on a blue or green bodied coat, and a drab coloured surtout coat.
1839 R. Reeve in
A neat green-bodied glass chariot.
1918 W. Beebe vi. 128
A green-bodied, green-legged grasshopper of good size.
2006 D. Emmett & G. Nice i. vii. 171
This solvent is contained in the green-bodied fire extinguishers that are still found in some commercial premises.
1765 W. Stevenson I. 243
Before the door..Beds of selected flow'rs green-border'd lie.
1891 C. T. C. James 22
The green-bordered road was white with dust.
2005 Dec. 54
If you receive an attachment in an e-mail and click on it, a green-bordered box will open.
1776 W. J. Mickle tr. L. de Camoens 257
The green-boughed forests by the lawns of Thames.
1892 20 78
The green-boughed pine, cedar, spruce, balsam and other evergreens.
13 Feb. b1
A green-boughed cedar that was barely singed.
a1644 F. Quarles
Teach her to slide..through the fluid veynes Of the green breasted stream-embroydred Plaines.
1797 G. Humphreys viii. 77
Alcedo—Green-breasted King's Fisher.
1871 T. Bracken 82
The isle of sorrow and of mirth, Green-breasted Innisfail.
1991 P. Matthiessen iii. 138
The same brilliant color..flares again in the rump and tail of a green-breasted pitta.
1832 May 341
From the tops of her green-capped hills.
1965 G. McInnes x. 154
I saw..some green-capped boys marching.
20 May d1
Huy Fong's trademark green-capped clear plastic squeeze bottles.
1592 R. Dallington tr. F. Colonna f.14v
A mightie Obeliske of greene couloured stone of Lacedemonia.
1707 H. Sloane I. 188
From the midst of these rises a round, smooth, straight, fresh, green coloured, three or four Foot long Stalk.
1881 6 Aug. 162/1
He had eaten a portion of a green-colored crayon.
2002 M. Cronin & D. Adair 166
Plastic green hats, green-coloured beer, cheap souvenirs and gaudy marketing have been part and parcel of America's St Patrick's Day.
1824 2 196
Your anonymous, humble servant, established in a green-curtained box.
1929 D. Hammett i. 9
The green-curtained booths that lined the wall opposite the bar.
15 Dec. 27
A green-curtained doorway.
1582 R. Stanyhurst tr. Virgil iii. 48
From thence wee trauayled to the greenedeckt gaylye Donysa [L. viridemque Donusam].
1848 F. W. Taylor xiii. 357
How go our hearts to the green-decked temples of worship.
1995 M. Amis
Snooker halls, with their darkness, their pyramids of light over the green-decked slabs of lead.
1779 T. Forrest i. x. 149
There are before the wings two roundish tufts of feathers, which are green edged, and may be moved at pleasure.
1857 H. Watts tr. L. Gmelin XI. 65
Nitrate of amyl burns with a faint green-edged flame.
1999 Apr. 130/3
Variations on the green-edged flowers began to appear.
1632 W. Lithgow x. 501
Greene-fac'd gardens, set at Florae's feet, Make Nature's beauty, quicke Appelles greet.
1824 J. Banim iii. 33
The green-faced girl who looked in a terrified manner at me.
1916 H. G. Wells i. v. 138
Green-faced and pitiful under an anaesthetic.
2001 N. Griffiths 256
Danny re-appears greenfaced with his hand to his mouth.
1633 T. Johnson
Paralysis flore viridi roseo calamistrato, The double greene feathered Cowslip.
1791 J. Townsend I. 17
Copper in blue crystals, with copper blossom and green feathered ore.
1875 4 291
The old Mexican deity, Quetzalcoatl, whose name we are told signifies green-feathered serpent.
1998 P. McCabe
A green-feathered dart sailed expertly towards the measled corkboard.
1686 No. 2126/4
A..Saddle green-fring'd round the Seat.
1831 J. K. Paulding I. xii. 112
The crystal waters lay sleeping within the green-fringed curtains of their waving banks.
1902 E. Lawless 70
On soft red claws, and tender, green-fringed spears.
14 Feb. (Features section) 16
Some of the people in these green-fringed, peri-urban areas are there because property prices are relatively low.
1808 W. Scott vi. Introd. 302
The green-garbed ranger.
1936 H. H. Parkhurst i. iv. 82
The green-garbed figures which constitute the foliage of the symbolic tree.
16 Mar. b3
Exuberant and green-garbed crowds partake in parade.
1712 III. 86/2
The Green Mosque, so call'd because its Steeple is fac'd and the Top cover'd with green glaz'd Bricks.
1891 J. E. Hodgkin & E. Hodgkin Introd. 9
The Green-glazed Ware, with a buff body..is called Tudor ware.
2001 65 340
Speckled green-glazed jugs.
1625 T. Hawkins tr. Horace iii. xviii. 60
With mutuall Songs, weele Neptune please, And the greene-hayrd Nereides.
1714 W. Salmon v. ii. 283/2
Bartholinus says he has seen Green-Hair'd Men at Hasnia.
1847 R. W. Emerson 21
The green-haired forest.
1998 9 Nov. 90/2
A punkishly green-haired Ariel.
?a1513 W. Dunbar Tua Mariit Wemen in
Ane holyn hewinlie grein hewit.
1788 78 App. 596
The other animal..is called by M. Vosmaer, Taupe verdâtre luisante, or Glossy green-hued Mole.
1849 J. Kenyon 111
Little waves, their white foams wreathing, The green-hued deeps were fleecing o'er.
1992 R. Kenan iv. 77
A silvery-steel pan full of green-hued collard and mustard leaves.
1641 J. Vicars tr. F. Herring 14
Gray-headed, but green-hearted traitour right.
1853 C. Dickens xxxvii. 366
He is such a cheery fellow... Fresh and green-hearted!
1913 A. Logan viii. 143
The only blooms to be had are undersized, ill-formed and often green-hearted.
2002 14 Oct. 2/4
A more diverse menagerie of Westerners started appearing in these pages: green-hearted ranchers and blue-collar environmentalists.
1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny I. xvi. xx. 469
It continueth alwaies green leafed, beareth flowers like roses, and brauncheth very thicke.
1805 R. Forsyth I. 535
One-fifth or one-fourth part of the tillage lands is yearly in fallow or turnips; one-fifth or one-fourth under a green-leafed grass.
1906 E. Nesbit 129
The children found themselves under a white-blossomed, green-leafed fruit-tree.
2009 4 Aug. 3/6
The farmers create the murals by planting purple and yellow-leafed kodaimai rice along with their local green-leafed tsugaru roman variety.
(Huntington HM 137)
C. xvii. l. 279
The bowes þat bereþ nat and beeþ nat grene-leuede.
1596 J. Norden Ep. Ded.
Who looking vppon the greene leaued figge tree of our profession..findeth it not answerable to his expectation.
a1653 Z. Boyd
It will be still Greene leaved.
1786 J. Abercrombie II. 53
Varieties:..Green-leaved red Beet.
1861 A. Pratt IV. 61
1990 Nov. 52/3
The green leaved varieties of leaf beet are quite striking.
1678 J. Ray tr. F. Willughby 299
The green-leg'd Horseman.
1804 Jrnl. 22 Sept. in
II. App. 604
A little foggy this morning: a great number of green-legged plover are passing down the river.
1911 J. L. Hancock 406
The green-legged species is very inconspicuous.
3 Oct. 1 a
Corn Cob Man, the green-legged hero during his school days in the early 1960s.
1591 A. Fraunce sig. C2
By the greene-mantled pastures and watery fountaines Lou's yong wanton waggs were always woont to be singing.
1654 T. Blount 47
The Pine-plow'd sea. The Green-mantled earth.
1834 T. Carlyle iii. viii. 94/2
A huge Troglodyte Chasm, with frightful green-mantled pools.
1916 B. Carman 28
When green-mantled spring shall come Past thy door with flute and drum.
25 Nov. (Sport section) 7
This beautiful stadium, ringed by Kandy's green-mantled hills, is full of fond memories.
1712 14 Mar.
Inquire at the said House, being next to the Green Painted Door in the said Square.
1869 R. F. Burton I. 22
The surroundings are a tall slip-shed, a taller black-shed, fronted by a..green-painted crane.
1903 31 Oct. 9/5
Of interest to the woman who keeps a good many plants in a small space is a watering pot of ordinary green-painted tin.
2000 T. Clancy xxiii. 340
He'd glued a metal plate to the bottom of the green-painted wood.
† green-recessed adj. Obsolete rare
1820 J. Keats Lamia i, in 11
Into the green-recessed woods they flew.
1777 J. Lightfoot II. 663
[Asplenium viride] Green-ribb'd Maidenhair. Anglis.
1796 W. Withering
1855 28 Apr. 260/1
Its green-ribbed calyx and lower growth.
1900 June (Book notes) 2/2
A daisy chain in colors encircles the lovely green-ribbed cover.
1993 May 64/1
Use a sprinkler hose such as Hozelock's green-ribbed, PVC lay-flat version.
1831 1 342
The green seeded [cotton] is equally or more productive in the upper country, and according to soil, seed and care, the acre produces from 60 to 300 pounds of clean cotton wool.
1934 J. A. Thomson & E. J. Holmyard I. i. 7
We say ‘as like as two peas’, but one pea in a pod may develop into a tall, yellow-seeded plant and its neighbour into a dwarf, green-seeded plant.
29 Jan. (Home & Garden) 1
Green-seeded soybeans, called edamame, make a delicious high-protein snack.
1762 J. Macpherson v. 63
Rocks tumble from their places on high; the green-shaded bushes are overturned.
1866 E. J. Worboise xiv. 200
And with her customary docility she had done exactly as she was bidden: lying down in the cool green-shaded drawing-room; not reading, and trying not to think.
1909 15 May 6/2
A green~shaded city nestling oasis-like in its arena.
2008 P. Hensher 535
She sat in the warm pool of light cast by the green-shaded Tiffany lamp.
a1625 J. Fletcher Noble Gentleman ii. i, in F. Beaumont & J. Fletcher
Free from the clamour of the troubled Court, We may enjoy our own greene shadowed walkes.
1854 ‘G. Greenwood’ 19
Every hill & green~shadowed vale..spoke to my heart.
1955 P. Larkin 36
Green-shadowed people sit, or walk in rings.
16 Nov. a17
His milieu is the green-shadowed swamps and tar-paper shacks tourists never see.
1825 66 281
A. (green-sheathed narrow-leaved).
1832 Ld. Tennyson Lady of Shalott i, in
The greensheathèd daffodilly.
17 May b1
Julie..and Becky..were to drive the green-sheathed car.
1652 N. Culpeper
Each of them [sc. campions] standing in large green striped hairy Husks, large and round below next to the Stalk.
1710 No. 4786/4
A green strip'd Poplin Mantua and Petticoat, lined with a white Antherine.
1870 W. Morris I. i. 191
1990 Sept. 71/2
Tables are set with pink linens over green-striped skirts.
1859 Ld. Tennyson Guinevere in 226
All the court Green-suited, but with plumes that mock'd the may, Had been, their wont, a-maying.
1997 D. Johnson 165
A green-suited street worker who made me sit back down.
1776 Catal. Birds in IV. 12
Red breasted and green throated humming birds.
1861 J. Gould II
Delattria viridipallens, Green-throated Cazique.
Heat-resistant new Verano is a classic Batavian-style lettuce with green-throated wavy leaves, tender-crisp hearts and succulent crunchy texture.
?1770 W. J. Mickle tr. L. de Camoens 29
Unplow'd before, the green-ting'd billows rose, And curl'd and whiten'd round the nodding prows.
1870 Dec. 712/1
A few stunted shrubs, which quiver in the heat, like green-tinged tongues of flame.
1955 B. C. L. Kemp
An inflammable substance containing halogen often gives a green-tinged flame.
2007 July 145/1
Every summer, we're inundated with questions on how to beat sun-frazzled frizz and green-tinged highlights.
1806 C. Cuthbertson IV. xv. 291
Swift his now green-tinted eyes darted towards the organ.
1928 9 Feb. 17/4
They carried bouquets of green tinted orchids.
2000 S. Heighton iii. ii. 309
‘Don't sweat yourself!’ he called, his eyes blurred behind big, green-tinted glasses.
1763 J. Mills III. 151
The red or purple topped, and the large green topped turneps.
1830 W. Withering
Large Green-topped Agaric.
1902 18 Aug. 8/3
The green-topped mountains and the beautiful waters of Champlain and Memphremagog present a picture to the summer sojourner.
2008 P. Hensher 535
She sat in the warm pool of light cast by the green-shaded Tiffany lamp over the green-topped leather desk.
1759 J. Fortescue I. 31
Hoary time, O'er moss-grown fragments, and the green-turf'd lands, Marks out the next.
1851 H. Melville II. xii. 92
His green-turfed, flowery Nile.
1933 W. de la Mare 101
Meek harebell hung her head Over the green-turfed chalk.
4 June a4
A neatly clipped expanse of green-turfed lawn offers no food or habitat for native butterflies.
1764 Oct. 1113/2
The green-wav'd ocean with amazement roars.
c1826 Sir Patrick Spens xv, in F. J. Child
II. iii. 22/2
I see the green-waved sea.
1916 C. S. Yost 150
Afield the grasses glint, and breeze doth seeming set aflow the current o' a green-waved stream.
1994 R. J. Arobateau 12
We carry our freedom, perpetually. Eagle fast! Over the green waved bays.
† green-dropping adj. Obsolete
1593 W. Shakespeare sig. Hv
She crop's the stalke, and in the breach appeares, Green-dropping sap, which she compares to teares.
1691 T. D'urfey i. 1
Triumphant Neptune clear'd his stormy Brow, Curl'd his green dropping Locks.
1814 J. Hogg iii. iv. 81
She has..sung the hymns of God On yon green glimmering star.
1859 Ld. Tennyson Lancelot & Elaine 482 in
A wild wave..Green-glimmering toward the summit.
1966 E. Wilkins & E. Kaiser tr. R. Musil 49
Flames of a camp-fire rising..like a tree-trunk of golden dust in green-glimmering woodland.
1780 in J. Smith 214
On either side, a fair branch lifted its green-growing head.
1841 H. W. Longfellow 81
E'en as the green-growing bud is unfolded when spring-tide approaches.
21 Nov. a4
Beautiful, healthy, green-growing grass not only provides food for cattle, it provides habitat for all kinds of wildlife.
1618 W. Lithgow sig. H
Heere on this greene growne Hill, I spreade my Table, Well couerd ou'r, with Leaues of diuerse sortes.
a1774 R. Fergusson
Thanks, kindest Nature! for those floating gems, Those green-grown isles, with which you lavish strew Great Neptune's empire.
1807 D. Wordsworth in
The floor of the alley..is simply meant to be green-grown, which it will in a short time be with short moss.
1906 C. M. Doughty I. i. 9
Green-grown the timbers of the royal barge, That shoot out branches then and golden buds.
1941 P. Goodman in 42
It is the lordly Hudson hardly flowing..under the green-grown cliffs.
1823 Jan. 23/1
The fairy chieftainess had exhorted her ‘green-shining people’ to daily and nightly vigilance, for the purpose of entrapping some little lovely girl, with a suitable mate of the other sex.
1858 Tennyson in
One great wave, green-shining, past..high up beside the vessel.
1904 H. D. Rawnsley iv. 48
Then the eye ranges over the snowfields and the green shining glaciers, and silver shining ice slopes.
2004 R. A. Salvatore xv. 184
Dasslerond was holding a gemstone of her own, a green-shining emerald.
Modifying colour words to form adjectives and nouns with the senses ‘greenish’, ‘greeny-’.
1769 J. Berkenhout I. 26
Bill and Legs lead-colour... A green-black spot on each side of the Head.
1849 D. Campbell 281
Leaving this oxide in green-black, anhydrous, lustrous crystals.
1968 A. K. Armah ix. 145
He kicked aside pieces of old shells lying on the green-black sand.
2003 K. Sampson 109
I sit on the cold step. I stare blankly out at a green-black Sheffield sky.
1685 tr. F. M. van Helmont iv. ii. 97
Both these Sulphurs by reason of their strict union commonly flie away together in the fire, in the appearance of a Green-blue flame.
1844 L. S. Costello II. 41
A broad space of clear green-blue sky was seen.
1991 Nov. 59/1
All resorts have rooms or cottages that have not only a sea view but doors that lead out directly to the ubiquitous sugar-white sand and green-blue sea.
1796 G. Shaw VIII. sig. A6
Copper-coloured Buprestis with a gloss of green-gold; the wing-shells wrinkled, and bidentated at the extremities.
1802 G. Montagu at Ibis—Glossy
The bird, in flying, appears gilded when the sun shines upon it; quills green-gold, and when closed reach the end of the tail.
a1843 R. Southey
2nd Ser. 602/2
That green-gold beetle, the most splendid of British insects.
1961 F. Leiber
The green-gold markings made him look like a merman.
2002 Nov. 125/2
Dry, sharp, with purity of fruit, perhaps appley,..it is steely fresh with green-gold glints that flash from the glass.
1704 Nat. Hist. vi, in L. Wafer
The Green-Golden Humming-Bird.
1874 Dec. 45/2
The paper in the large dining-room..harmonizes well with the red carpet, the pictures, and the green-golden lustres of the velvet curtains.
1987 T. Horton
I pity anyone who has never..snuggled in the crotch of a willow while the wind and sun fooled with its green-golden tresses.
1615 T. Tomkis iv. xiii, sig. K
I hate as perfectly this gray-greene of yours, As old Antonio's greene-gray.
1868 W. Cory
Light on steep green-grey slopes.
1876 ‘S. Tytler’ xli
The green-grey or ‘water of the Nile’, dear to the hearts of artists.
1998 A. Taylor xxxvii. 259
There was the green-grey trunk of the beech—the roots that splayed out from the base like arthritic serpents.
1629 J. Parkinson cix. 417
This single yellow Rose..often groweth to a good height, his stemme being great and wooddy,..of a darke colour somewhat reddish, the barke of the young shootes being of a sad greene reddish colour.
1829 I. 710/1
A green-reddish colour.
2006 R. S. Vizgirdas & E. M. Rey-Vizgirdas 61
Mosquito Fern..floats on the surface of the ponds, ditches, and other slow or sluggish waters. From a distance, it looks like a green-reddish carpet floating over the surface.
[1604 T. Winter tr. G. de S. Du Bartas 20
Their bloud doth soile the blew-green-yellow grounds, Their bodies couerd are with deadly wounds.]
1611 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas
ii. iv. 578
A short Beak bending like the Egles brood: Green-yellow eyes, where Terrors Tent is pight.
1849 D. Campbell 297
From black, becoming blue-green, green-yellow, deep-red.
1998 Oct. 68/1
English Garden Apples... Ashmeads Kernel: A variety for the connoisseur with large green-yellow fruits with a distinctive, aromatic sweet flavour.
c. Forming compound adjectives with the names of other colours, as green-and-gold, etc.
1811 W. J. Burchell Jrnl. 29 Dec. in
I. xix. 502
The Green-and-gold Cuckoo was found in abundance.
1882 H. de Windt 100
The Brookeana, a beautifully-marked green-and-black butterfly.
1928 Oct. 225/1
In an old satchel he carried a crazy collection of brushes, lamp-black, dried up paints, and the green-and-gold diploma of a ‘fingerprint institute’ in Washington.
1966 B. Brophy 66
Most house fronts are tiled, so that they look trellised by some intricate green-and-blue or green-and-yellow flowering plant.
2009 ‘R. Keeland’ tr. S. Larsson i. 7
She saw the woman walk to one of the green-and-white striped chaises-longues beside the pool.
green acres n. arable land (see quot. ), open fields; estates.
1812 E. Wakefield I. vii. 247
The Marquis of Hertford has in this county 64,000 green acres, by which term I mean land capable of tillage, independently of bog or mountain land.
1856 ‘W. March’ xxi. 207
I would exchange all other earthly success for the ownership of that habitation and these green acres.
1923 Apr. 8/2
Women and children are stooping over green acres picking strawberries.
1999 M. Shoard p. vii
I looked longingly at the green acres and inviting waters of the lakes, park, and woods of Luton Hoo, a large landed estate on my doorstep whose delights were almost completely out of bounds.
† green apron n. depreciative Obsolete a lay preacher; cf. .Earliest in attributive use.
1654 T. Warren 145
It more befits a Green-apron-Preacher, than such a Gamaliel.
1705 E. Hickeringill 17
Unbeneficed Non-Con's (that live by Alms, and no Paternoster no Peny, says the Green-Aprons).
[1791 M. Davis 24
The women among the people called Quakers have almost universally laid aside the green apron, and neither men nor women are so exact in the cut of their clothes..as they were but half a century ago.]
green architecture n.
(a) architectural elements in a garden or park formed from hedges, trees, or other vegetation;
(b) = .
1852 S. S. Cox 220
We came into splendid flower and fruit gardens—tastefully arbored and arched with the green architecture, in multiform beauty, on every side.
1906 13 Jan. 39/1
Even the ‘green architecture’ itself formed a pleasant picture for the eye.
1989 6 May 35/5
There is a new green architecture emerging..that is as socially and as ecologically responsible as it is elegant and inspiring to live in.
2001 J. Clifton 41/2
These gardens remain the inspiration and primary reference for classical grandeur and formality, which was further emphasized by the use of topiary for green architecture and eye-catching features.
2009 J. Kellerman 141
The only thing we've heard..about your brother is he was into green architecture, the whole environment thing.
Green Beret n. a member of one of the special operations forces having a green beret as part of their uniform, esp. those in the British Army (the Commandos) and later the United States Army Special Forces.The green beret was adopted by the British Commandos in 1942 and later, unofficially, by the U.S. Army Special Forces, becoming part of their official uniform in 1961.
[1943 6 May 3/1
The green berets of the Special Service Brigade are now a familiar and heartening sight at home and abroad.]
1949 H. St. G. Saunders
The Green Beret. The story of the Commandos.
1955 2 Dec.
Twelve of the green beret Special Forces troops will jump in the next test scheduled today.
1964 C. B. Colby 18
In the top photo a ‘Green Beret’ takes to the air over the cornice of a hotel.
1970 A. Sinclair iii. 40
Che['s]..manual..even serves as a text-book for the Green Berets and other North American counterinsurgency special forces.
1970 22 Nov. 23/6
Southampton [football team], as notorious as the Green Berets for their policy of search and destroy.
2002 Aug. 111/1
They went to the school the Green Berets attended in Fort Bragg to learn advanced high-altitude, low-opening techniques.
green book n. any of various official (esp. governmental) documents bound in green; cf.
1798 W. Coxe I. xxi. 148
Knight..escaped from England, soon after his first examination, carrying with him the register called the green book.
1892 14 Apr. 7/3
The results of these studies stand embodied in a ‘Green-book’, of extraordinary interest.
1928 5 Feb. 16/2
He knows far too much to be able to accept the whole policy laid down in the Green Book, and accepted by his party.
1966 tr. M. Toscano ii. ii. 95
Neither are the Italian government's Green Books free of these weaknesses, but, like their British counterparts, they contain omissions..rather than outright alterations.
green break v. originally and chiefly U.S. transitive to train (an unbroken horse or other animal) to accept harness, basic commands, etc., as a prelude to more advanced training; cf. .
1941 5 Nov. 2/2
Mr. Burton had worked this colt and had it green broke.
1961 1 Nov. c5/1
Purchasing near-wild Indian ponies from a nearby reservation and then ‘green breaking’ them for a quick sale at small profit.
1982 7 Dec. (San Diego County Business section) d/4
Earls also supplements his income by ‘green-breaking’ new horses at the stables.
2004 D. Stevens xi. 61
I always ‘green broke’ the colts... Being younger and the boss, I figured it was my responsibility to get them started in their training.
green broke adj. originally and chiefly U.S. of a horse or other animal: newly or partially broken in; cf. .
1903 30 Sept. 3/5
1 span 3-year-old mules, green broke, sound, weight 2100.
1977 6 Nov. (TV Week section) 6/1
Garrett acquired a lot of experience riding green-broke horses while making spaghetti Westerns with Jack Palance, Jim Brown, and Lee Van Cleef in Israel for five months.
2010 D. Aadland iii. 67
This matter of herding horses on a green broke animal so recently part of a free-running herd boggles the mind and tightens the belly of any true horseman.
green broken adj. originally and chiefly U.S. =
1906 25 Apr. 4/5
Barney Dougherty sold three choice Idolator colts, green broken only, to Harry Marsh.
1937 17 Apr. 3/1
Our neighbor bought them when they were just green broken colts and he brought them along slowly.
2008 J. Rhodes xxii. 180
‘What have you brought us? Green-broken horses?’ ‘Only the best from our lands but far from wild.’
green butter n. butter combined with herbs or other savoury ingredients; (also) a type of vegetable fat (see quot. ).
1654 J. Cooper 15
Lay on the Chickens yolks of Eggs cut into quarters, puffe-Paste, Lozanges, Sheeps tongues fryed in greene Butter.
1889 A. B. Marshall ii. 38
Montpellier or green butter.
‘Green butters’ (i.e. vegetable tallows which may be coloured artificially to resemble Borneo tallow).
1965 5 Sept. (Colour Suppl.) 96/2
To make Green Butter; cream butter with garlic..chopped parsley..lemon juice, salt and pepper.
1995 Winter–Spring 23/1
Recipes ranging from scallop soup, chive mousse and green butter to Woolton Pie and (bemusingly) microwaved porridge.
green charge n. gunpowder whose ingredients have been mixed but have not yet undergone the incorporating process.
1825 24 Oct. 3/3
They..empty the green charge into the bed which is milled for the time above stated, and then arrives at the strength of powder.
1896 10 Nov. 3/3
A ‘greencharge explosion’ took place at Messrs.—— Gunpowder Mills.
2006 W. S. Curtis in B. J. Buchanan xii. 242
From whence did Rains acquire the concept of steaming the green charge?
green chop n. U.S. Agriculture fodder harvested and chopped up while still green, and typically fed to animals immediately; cf.
1954 2 Apr. 11/7
Now you can afford green chop!
1965 18 342/2
The research project should include yield tests, feeding value of pasturage, hay, silage, and green chop.
1995 L. D. Lewis iv. 94/2
Green chop is not commonly fed to horses.
green chop v. U.S. Agriculture transitive to harvest and chop up (a fodder crop) while the crop is still green, typically in order to feed animals immediately; also intransitive; cf. .
1956 24 Feb. 8
Green chopping alfalfa for 40 dairy cows is a daily job.
1977 11 May iv. 9/6
In southern Wisconsin there are a few farmers green chopping for their herds.
2006 D. A. Dzombak et al. 32
Sudan grass should not be grazed or green chopped until it reaches a height of at least 45 to 50cm.
green chopping n. U.S. Agriculture the action or practice of harvesting and chopping up a fodder crop while it is still green, typically in order to feed animals immediately; cf. .
1955 13 July 3/4
There are some minor disadvantages to green chopping.
1970 20 July 2/2
Green chopping can be used and has several advantages compared to grazing.
2003 D. R. Heldman 358/1
Other harvest methods include grazing, green chopping, pelletizing, and direct-cut ensiling.
green circle n. North American (a symbol denoting) a ski run suitable for beginners.
1971 16 Feb. 19/3
At almost all lift houses there are National Ski Patrol signs outlining ability requirements. The easiest slope is marked with a green circle sign; the more difficult one with a blue square and the most difficult with a black diamond.
1983 Spring 39/1
Try it first on an easy (green-circle) slope. Then, as you improve, move to more difficult (blue-square) slopes and mogul fields.
2002 E. R. McManus 163
You're a beginner. The green circle is where you stay... Do not, I repeat, do not go to the black diamonds.
† green coffer n. Obsolete (perhaps) a strongbox covered with green cloth.
1463 in S. Tymms
I yeve and be qwethe to the seid Jone, my nece, a lityl grene coffre for kerchys.
a1483 Liber Niger in
Thys Countyng-house hathe assigned hym one charyotte complete & a sompter horse for the grene coffyrs.
1858 R. Chambers I. 530
His countess..was accused..of having stolen a green coffer belonging to him, containing money and other valuables.
[after , ]
(a) (originally) of or designating work involving plants or horticulture; (now chiefly) of or designating work relating to the protection or preservation of the environment;
(b) of or designating (corporate) crime or fraud relating to the environment; cf. .
1982 A. Maupin 3
Ned Lockwood, a brawny forty-two-year-old who was practically the working model for the Green-collar Gay.
There's too much ‘green-collar’ fraud in the marketplace.
1992 25 Jan. 50/2
An overview of the rise of environmentalism and environmental business and the increase in demand for ‘green-collar’ workers.
2004 95 133
(title of article)
Sentencing the green-collar offender: punishment, culpability, and environmental crime.
2008 27 Apr. (Business & Media section) 3/2
The sector..could create thousands of ‘green collar’ jobs, as the environment industry expands.
green crop n. a crop used for fodder or food while in a green or unripe state, as opposed to a crop of grain, hay, etc.
1744 W. Ellis Apr. ix. 87
Sowing Thetches, and feeding their green Crops off with Cattle kept in the Field.
1842 C. W. Johnson 585/2
Green crops, crops which are consumed on the farm in their unripe state.
1954 R. H. Cochrane
The handling of a green crop after it has been cut by a mower is an arduous business.
30 May c1
Some people pick them [sc. tomatoes] green to fry or make into green tomato relish, so we can count them as a green crop.
green cross adj.
[after German Grünkreuz (c1915)]
now historical designating an artillery shell, marked with a green cross, which releases poisonous gas, originally used at Ypres during the First World War (1914–18); (also) designating the gas (a mix typically including phosgene) released by such a shell.
1916 6 Oct. 8/1
One German light field howitzer battery..fired over 3,500 rounds of gas shells (known as ‘green cross’ shells) in 24 hours.
1928 22 May 1/2
An immense steel flask of phosgene, the notorious Green Cross poison gas employed by Germany with such deadly effect during the war.
1931 J. Brophy & E. Partridge
Green cross shell, an enemy gas-shell of an emetic and lachrymatory nature.
2000 R.-D. Müller in R. Chickering & S. Förster ii. v. 104
A large-scale deployment at Verdun on June 22, 1916, so drenched the French troops in green cross gas that their protective masks proved ineffective.
Green Cross Code n.
(also with lower-case initial in third element)
British a set of guidelines (intended esp. for children) for crossing the road safely, introduced in 1971 and subsequently incorporated in the Highway Code; also in extended use.
1971 29 Apr. 4/1
A new kerb drill for children is to replace the ‘look right, left and right again’ roadside slogan... The Green Cross code could be taught to and understood by children of seven and over.
1987 A. Scher & C. Verrall vi. 92
The child ran into the road after a ball, without heeding the Green Cross Code.
1997 16 July t14
This is your chance to improvise a Green Cross Code for the beach.
2004 13 Nov. 8
My mother would force-feed me the Green Cross Code with such demented vigour that it remains embedded in my brain to this day. I can't even cross my fingers without first looking right, left and right again.
green curry n. any of various curry dishes having a green colour; (now) spec. a type of Thai curry which takes its colour from a seasoning mixture containing green chillies (cf. ).
1804 ‘Ignotus’ 137
A green curry.
1906 Apr. 848/1
The dishes, written in green ink, being as follows: Green consomme, green turtle,..green curry with chicken giblets.
1978 24 Sept. vi. 13/2
It made an ideal foil for the fiery green curry ($2.75) we ordered. (The Thai Room offers milder curries, too.)
2009 J. Black 121
Is this green curry going to eat a hole through my stomach lining?
green curry paste n. a seasoning mixture used in Thai cookery, containing green chillies and other flavourful ingredients, such as lemongrass, coriander, galangal, and garlic, ground into a smooth paste.
1970 R. Steinberg x. 193
Add the green curry paste and the pulverized kachai, and cook briskly, stirring from time to time.
1981 13 Apr. ii. 9/2
The green curry paste..is made a couple of days ahead to mature and ripen.
9 Jan. 11
Armed with a stone pestle and mortar, you begin by learning how to make Thai green curry paste.
green curtain n. Theatre a front curtain, traditionally one made of a green material.
Perhaps, Mr. Sheridan could not procure any better. To this it was replied, that the Theatres in London are content with plain green Curtains.]
1805 15 June
The Ballets have in general been curtailed..but this evening the Green Curtain..dropped at twenty minutes after Eleven.
1859 J. R. Planché 31
Then amidst your applause may the green curtain fall.
1961 W. P. Bowman & R. H. Ball 162
Green curtain, a heavy outer curtain, traditional from the time of the Restoration, but now outmoded, serving variously as an act drop, fire curtain, etc.
10 Sept. 49
By the time the green curtain was raised on the $18 million production of Wicked on July 12, all the pieces were in place to make it one of the most successful musicals in Australian theatre.
green dressing n. Agriculture (now rare)
(a) = ;
1732 W. Ellis 30
French-Wheat, when sowed to dress the Ground... Let it lie three Weeks or a Month. In this time it will smoak,..like a Dung-hill; and as it is a green dressing, will quickly rot in the Ground.
1766 at Pulse
[He] prefers millet to every other plant for green-dressing of land, on account of the cheapness of the seed, and the largeness of the stalks and leaves, which must afford a good coat to turn in when ploughed.
1811 24 Apr. 327
Clover ploughed in, is a good green-dressing.
1893 3 Mar. 108/2
Green-dressing—the ploughing in of certain green crops—is recommended as a source of nitrogen and as improving the condition of the soil.
1973 S. B. Philpott iii. 56
The crop land was rotated every year or two, some was fallowed or planted in green dressing, more was used for vegetables and pasture.
† Green Erin n. Obsolete Ireland.
1822 12 107
I don't care a tester for that piperly poet of green Erin.
green eye n. the eye of jealousy (cf. ).
a1845 T. Hood Lamia v, in W. Jerdan
Sir Lycius now Must have the green eye set in his head.
1914 Aug. 500
If you are looking with the ‘green eye’ at the men who have inherited millions, it may be well for you to remember that they are envious of you.
1998 P. Jooste
Evie has got over her green eye and on my birthday night James is back with us and he's brought a present for me.
green fairy n.
[Compare French fée verte (1877 or earlier).]
1902 J. Huneker 21
‘The absinthe—you have not forgotten it?’.. ‘Ah, no, sir; never, sir, do I forget the green fairy for the great musician, sir.’
1920 J. Huneker i. iv. 34
The opalescent music, drugged with dreams, has the numbing effect of that ‘green fairy’ no longer permitted in la belle France.
1922 J. Joyce 43
Kevin Egan rolls gunpowder cigarettes..sipping his green fairy as Patrice his white.
2007 13 Aug. 53/4
The..bar serves the only legal version of absinthe allowed in the country. Drip some ice water over a sugar cube, and the ‘green fairy’ looks suspiciously like a harmless glass of milk.
green fat n. now rare the green gelatinous part of a turtle, considered a delicacy; also in extended use.
1763 D. Garrick 18 July
I thank you from my soul for your literary turtle..it was all green fat.
1782 II. 187
To me, who never eat of turtle, the jargon of callapash, callapee, and green fat, was unintelligible.
1830 D. Booth 101
The more highly prized Green Fat..is found..round the abdomen.
1870 U. Dubois 56
To prepare the turtle-soup..add to it some pieces of the green fat.
1922 A. Jekyll 37
Consommé Fausse Tortue... Add..some pieces of the meat cut in gelatinous squares from the [calf's] head and indistinguishable from green fat.
2004 J. R. Spotila vi. 97
The green turtle is probably best known for its green fat and muscles, which are delicious in soup or as a steak.
green-fingered adj. skilful or successful in making plants grow; (also) characteristic of a person who is skilled in this way.
1918 L. B. Wilder i. 3
Under the care of our green-fingered grandmothers gardens throve and were full of hearty, wholesome colour.
1946 28 Dec. 941/2
The arts of budding and grafting can only be fully acquired by observing the green-fingered dexterity of the experienced propagator.
1966 31 Dec. 1461/2
Trees like this..would soon be produced by hybridisation and plant-hormones under the green-fingered genius of him and his helpers.
2003 9 Mar. 63/1
Homemakers, handypeople, decorators, renovators, carpenters and green-fingered gardeners put a love lock on Brisbane's Home Show and Garden Expo.
green fingers n. skill or success in making plants grow, esp. in to have green fingers ; also in extended use.
1906 M. S. Boyd 217
What old wives call ‘green fingers’: those magic digits that appear to ensure the growth of everything they plant.
1943 S. Cloete xvi. 150
Some men have green fingers. Plants like them. They can make things grow because they love them.
1949 i. 2
Yet we are such born meddlers, and so convinced..that we have ‘green fingers’ of the spirit to give help and guidance in these difficult years.
1969 26 Apr. 6/6
‘Success with money is often accidental,’ she sighed. ‘One needs “green fingers” to make it grow.’
1997 July 20/1
With her green fingers and Keith's constant encouragement, flowerbeds began to take shape.
13 June 24
Their eyes aren't what they used to be, but these blind gardeners have still got green fingers.
green-finned adj. now historical (of an oyster) having green gills (cf. and the note there); cf. and .
1645 J. Howell ii. xi. 14
I have sent you..two barrells of Colchester oysters,..I presume they are good, and all green finnd.
1772 J. Rutty I. 377
The third Bed..is the Malahide Oyster, which is partly green-finned, and reckoned very delicious.
1886 Jan. 94
There is a small, delicate oyster at Genoa, and a green-finned one at Venice, both of which are excellent.
1948 10 15
But of all her harvest from the open sea, Malahide was chiefly famous for her ‘green-finned oysters’.
green fire n. an intense green light produced by pyrotechnics; (now chiefly historical) a mixture ignited to produce this, typically containing barium.
1730 R. Bradley 87
Where we would produce a green Fire, and use Verdigrease finely powdered, this ought to be a companion with the other Parts of the Composition, such as Gun-powder finely powdered.
1822 Oct. 232
We now give..the component parts of a more modern invention.., namely, a green fire.
1940 G. H. J. Adlam & L. S. Price
It is used to form ‘green fire’ in pyrotechny since barium compounds colour the flame green.
20 Oct. 3
Vertical lines of green fire were also launched from the ground while ‘Pigeons’ shot fireworks backwards and forwards.
green flash n. a flash of green light that is sometimes seen briefly just above the sun as it is about to disappear below the horizon at sunset, or as it first appears at sunrise; = .
1887 24 Feb. 391/1
As soon as the last speck of the yellow vanished, a momentary bright green flash shone out.
1925 R. Clements 125
For the first time I saw the ‘Green Flash’, as it is called. Just as the sun is about to sink below the horizon a flash of vivid green seems to leap from it. It only lasts a second and is gone.
1951 2 ii. 40
In the West Indies..we have the finest opportunities for observing the phenomenon of the Green Flash.
2007 K. H. Hemmings i. x. 69
It's a communal activity around here, waiting for this green flash, hoping to catch it.
green-flesh adj. (esp. of a fruit or vegetable) having green flesh.
1806 B. M'Mahon 581
Kitchen-Garden Esculent Plants and Herbs... Melon, Water. Cucurbita Citrullus. 1. Long Red-flesh. 2. Long Yellow-flesh. 3. Large Round Red-flesh. 4. Green-flesh do.
1855 R. Browning De Gustibus ii, in II. 149
A girl bare-footed brings and tumbles Down on the pavement, green-flesh melons.
9 Mar. 6
My father must have loved sweet potatoes as well as anyone who ever lived—particularly Haymans—the green-flesh variety my aunt and uncle would bring over from the Eastern Shore in the fall.
green fluorescent protein n. Biochemistry a protein that exhibits green fluorescence when exposed to blue light, spec. that originally isolated from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, often used as an experimental tracer or marker, esp. in molecular biology and genetic engineering; abbreviated GFP.
[1962 59 236/2
It is reasonable to suppose that the greenish quality results from a light filtering effect and fluorescence of the green protein.]
1969 137 402
This is attributed to energy transfer from the luminescent system to a green fluorescent protein associated with the photogenic granules.
1994 2 June 400/2
Here we express a chimaeric gene encoding a fusion between the Aequorea victoria [printed Acquorea victoria] green fluorescent protein (GFP) and the exu protein (Exu) in female germ cells [of Drosophila].
2006 M. Crichton xxxi. 165
The fertilized egg of an albino rabbit was injected with..the gene for green fluorescent protein from a Pacific Northwest jellyfish.
green fog n. Photography (now disused) an iridescent green stain on a developed plate; cf. .
1880 Dec. 41
Mr. R. Manners Gordon says that with iodine he always gets green fog if he uses as much as 1 grain per ounce of emulsion.
1889 E. J. Wall 77
The obvious remedy for this evil, with a brand of plate known to be liable to green fog, is the use of potash and soda or ferrous oxalate.
1912 49 103/1
If the green fog is only slight it does not affect the prints made from the negative.
green food n. grass or green vegetables used for food or fodder.
1658 tr. G. della Porta xiv. vii. 320
Milk must not be eaten, when Goats and Sheep feed on green food, because it will loosen the belly the more.
1799 G. Washington
For spring, summer, and autumn, it is expected, that soiling of them on green food..will enable them to perform their work.
1879 F. T. Pollok I. 234
To keep an elephant in health, his green food should be constantly changed.
1965 VII. 232/1
The almost cosmopolitan P[ortulaca] oleracea (..purslane or pigweed) is used as a green food by Indonesian and Polynesian peoples.
[ < + ]
rare (now Scottish) =
c1540 Pilgrim's Tale 13 in F. Thynne
App. i. 77
The gren gat I had more delit to folow Then of deuotion to seke the halowe.
1988 G. Lamb
Green-gate, a grassy path.
green gill n. U.S. a condition of oysters whose gills have acquired a green tinge; cf. .In Europe such oysters were formerly regarded as a delicacy.
1881 E. Ingersoll (10th Census U.S.: Bureau of Fisheries) 185
In 1880 what the oystermen call the ‘green-gill’ began to affect the planted oysters in Back river.
1916 8 Sept. 347/2
Mr. R. L. Barney..is aiding the director in the study of diatoms of green gill oysters and the life history of sporozoan parasites.
It has productive oyster beds that usually do not get green gill.
(a) having green gills; (of an oyster) = ;
(b) = .
1858 75 294
Notice of the occurrence of green-gilled oysters.
1905 May 70/2
Which leaves me and the green-gilled tenderfoot.
1918 C. H. Kauffman I. 17
Avoid the green-gilled Lepiota.
(Conservation Comm. N.Y.)
Algae grows only where the waters are pure.., and in some European sections green gilled oysters are preferred to any other kind.
1992 26 Jan. 29/2
The dreaded evening of the Smithsonian speech finally arrived. I stood knock-kneed and green-gilled before 300 people.
2003 W. C. Roody i. 73
The Parasol Mushroom looks like a kettledrum stick. At this stage it can be confused with the poisonous Green-gilled Lepiota.
green ginger n. undried ginger root, often preserved.
1393 in M. T. Löfvenberg
1448 in P. E. Jones
V. 108 (MED)
A Rynyssh fat with a Covercle like the hede of the seid fatte, both of sylver & overgilt, ordeyned to put ynne grene gynger.
1599 H. Buttes sig. O2v
Greene Ginger, condite with hony, warmes olde mens bellyes.
1664 in G. F. Dow
1 Barrell Green ginger, cost 5li.
1753 R. Colborne 276/1
Take Conserve of Rosemary-flowers, an Ounce; green Ginger, Powder of Millipedes (live ones are best) of each half an Ounce, [etc.].
1852 F. Bishop xix. 338
Take some green ginger, and with a sharp knife pare it neatly, and as it is pared throw into a pan of cold water to keep it white.
1985 R. Fernandez 39
To use green ginger, scrape off the scaly skin then mince, crush or pulverize to a paste.
green gland n. Zoology (in crustaceans) each of a pair of excretory organs having a greenish bladder, opening via a duct and pore at the coxae of the antennae or of a pair of legs (also called antennal gland and coxal gland respectively).
1854 W. I. Burnett tr. C. T. E. von Siebold in tr. C. T. E. von Siebold & H. Stannius I. xii. 324/2
Neuwyler has given the green glands of the craw-fish a special examination.
1893 T. R. R. Stebbing iv. 38
The first, or basal joint of the peduncle..very often carries a tubercle in connection with the ‘green gland’, of which the function is supposed to be renal.
1952 J. A. Ramsay iv. 58
In the shore crab Carcinus the excretory organ is the antennary gland, or green gland, and consists of three parts.
2004 1275 102
The nephridial canal is positioned at the periphery of the green gland.
green glass n. glass of a green colour, often used for bottles; in early use spec. a coarse type of glass distinguished from that of finer quality; frequently attributive.
1559 P. Morwyng tr. C. Gesner 69
The common grene glasse will gather a certain duskishnes and as it were a skin.
1660 R. Boyle xxxvi. 277
The courser sort of Glass (which the Trades-men are wont to call Green-glass).
1784 G. Adams 118
It is very difficult to break by an explosion the jars which are made of green glass, fabricated at Newcastle.
1838 C. Dickens II. xxvii. 123
A pint green-glass bottle.
1923 U. L. Silberrad ii. 33
A green-glass slave bangle.
2001 D. K. Barlow in R. K. Dhir et al. i. 13
The maximum amount of recycled green glass that can be used in the production of new green bottles is about 90%.
green gold n.
(a) an alloy of gold with approx. 10 per cent silver;
(b) a plant or plant product having a high market value; cf. .In quot. perhaps: an impure form of gold.
1697 C. K. 53
Green Gold, a corrupt Mettal so called, is very good in this Work, for casting a fading Green colour.
c1791 VIII. 6/2
The alloy of gold with silver forms the green gold of the jewellers and gold-beaters.
1825 ‘J. Nicholson’ 724
To heighten the colour of Green Gold.
1911 18 June (Misc. section) 2/5
He has heard the henequen referred to as the ‘green gold of the peninsula’.
1993 Mar. 21/1
Green Gold..is used for making jewellery and small trinkets.
2002 J. Madeley x. 105
For farmers this was the opportunity they sought. Coffee was seen as the ‘green gold’.
green goods n.
(a) fruit and vegetables; goods sold by a greengrocer (now rare);
(b) U.S. slang counterfeit greenbacks (); frequently attributive.
1856 May 400/1
The shops where green goods are for sale, where grapes, melons and figs are spread out, rejoice the eye with their cool verdure.
1887 G. W. Walling x. 126
He informs his prospective victim that he has a large quantity of ‘green goods’ (counterfeit money) of different denominations.
1891 A. C. Gunter iii. xix. 223
The janitor..states that in his opinion, Stillman, Myth and Co. were in the ‘green-goods’ business.
1920 E. W. Bok
A market dealer in green goods.
1991 L. Sante ii. iv. 171
The green goods swindle, also known as the sawdust game, arrived on the scene in 1869.
green-goods man n. a dealer in green goods ().
1886 10 Nov. 8/5
Victimized by ‘Green Goods’ Men.
1894 31 Jan.
The New York flim-flammers and green goods men..are still out of the clutches of the United Secret Service.
1913 15 347
Quite recently the ‘green-goods man’ has become less conspicuous than the forger or the embezzler.
2004 T. Spargo xiv. 145
George Armstrong, a wealthy ‘green-goods’ man or confidence trickster.
green hand n. a new or untrained recruit, esp. on board a ship; cf. and .
1747 G. G. Beekman Let. 17 Mar. in
The barrer Captain Israel Boarman is a green hand, if you can help him to some freight back pray doe.
1790 T. Coxe Notes on Amer. Fisheries in T. Jefferson
They confine the advances to Seamen in this Trade [sc. the Newfoundland fishery]..to one half of what is due 'till their final discharge..except in the case of green hands whose outfit may actually require more.
1864 C. F. Hall I. 91
Being a stranger in the place and a green hand, I found it very difficult to get a berth.
2002 D. Lundy
Coiling was a job for the apprentices and green hands when a few lines were involved.
greenhide n. in later use chiefly Australian the raw or untanned hide of an animal; frequently as a mass noun and attributive; cf. sense .
1572 W. Malim tr. N. Martinengo 9
And they came with certaine boordes couered with raw and greene hydes, vnder which they brought their men to digge in the vaymures.
1677 Recs. Gen. Court 18 Oct. in J. H. Trumbull
Noe tanner shall haue any more for taning any hide than two pence upon the pownd for green hides and fower pence..for dry hides.
1728 E. Chambers (at cited word)
Green Hide, is that not yet curried, but such as taken off from the Carcase.
1840 R. H. Dana xxx. 111
Wheel-ropes made of green hide, laid up in the form of ropes.
1850 J. G. Bruff Jrnl. 27 Aug. in
II. iv. 830
They also found, where the indians had been, a knife, and a green hide halter.
1881 A. C. Grant
A strongly plaited greenhide-halter was now slipped over the head.
a1921 G. H. Gibson in
He could..Chop his name with a green-hide fall on the flank of a flyin' steer.
1963 W. E. Harney v. 45
The drafting-yards was superseded by the ‘tailing-yard’ with bronco-panels and twisted greenhide ropes with a leather ‘hoonda’ for the ring.
2000 1 June (Trader section) 16/5
Stock lines include; harness, bridle and embossing leather..kangaroo leather and lace. Red hide and Greenhide.
Green Island n. (with the) Ireland.
1797 W. Drennan Erin in 29 Sept. 3/3
When Erin first rose from the dark swelling flood, God bless'd the Green Island, and saw it was good.
1854 26 July 10/4
The greenest thing ever done by the House of Commons has been done upon the motion of Mr. Greene, a native of the Green Island, who has obtained a green committee for the greenest of all possible inquiries.
1905 Aug. 253/1
Even then a taste for claret was a gentlemanly weakness among the priests and people of the green island.
1995 Y. Midzunoe in T. Westendorp & J. Mallinson vi. 62
His Irish heritage, which included the whole of the green island.
Green Isle n. (with the) = ; cf. .
1812 W. Wheeler 18 Aug.
The servant entered and announced Father Kelly... He was from the ‘Green Isle’.
1871 C. L. Money 73
That lively specimen from the green isle, who seems to flourish with rank luxuriance in the neighbourhood of gold.
1921 H. Van Dyke ii. 34
The trouble is that it has two insularities, one to the north, and one to the south. When they are harmonized to desire the same thing it will be a fine day for the Green Isle.
2004 July 3/2
It's packed with a huge Guide To Ireland—region by region, including all the places not to be missed, if/when you're visiting the green isle.
Green Jacket n.
(a) a member of any of various former or current regiments and other divisions of the British Army who originally wore dark green uniforms, esp. the King's Royal Rifle Corps or the Rifle Brigade; chiefly in plural; also occasionally attributive;
(b) Golf (with lower-case initials) a green sports coat awarded to the winner of the U.S. Masters Tournament.A green jacket has been awarded to each winner of the Masters since 1949; such jackets have been worn by members of the Augusta National Golf Club, where the tournament is held, since 1937.
1824 in Sir. H. Smith
‘Well, I will make you a Rifleman, a green jacket,’ says the General.
1927 1 May 19
The Duke [of Connaught] loves the Green Jackets best of all in spite of his other military associations.
1951 1 Apr. ii. 5/5
Only Horton Smith and Byron Nelson have had the honor of twice wearing the green jacket donned by each year's winner.
1972 2 Mar. 511/2
The whereabouts of the service and campaign medals presented to this ‘Greenjacket family’ are eagerly sought.
1990 A. Beevor xix. 228
Some regiments even seem to produce a physical stereotype—willowy cavalry officers with flopping hair, slim Green Jackets with saturnine good looks.
2002 J. Nicklaus & J. Tickell
It was the sixth time I had won the green jacket.
green jaundice n. Medicine a disorder accompanied by greenish discoloration of the skin (cf. ); spec. a form of jaundice in which there is accumulation of the green bile pigment biliverdin, usually as a result of biliary obstruction.
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
I. vii. liii. 406
Þere beþ þre maner of iaundes..ȝolouh þat comeþ of kynde colera, grene, and blacke... And secund hatte somtyme peganicis, þat is to menynge ‘grene’, for þe body is imade grene wiþ grene colera.]
1547 A. Borde i. clxxviii. sig. Tiii
The grene Jawnes doth come of yelow coler myxt with putrified fleume, a corrupcion of blode.
1652 Edwards' Treat. conc. Plague 145
in A. M.
For the green Sicknesse, or green Iaundies.
1721 J. Handley 130
So is the Colour in the Skin, producing what we call a yellow, black, and sometimes the green Jaundice.
1822 J. M. Good I. 391
In green jaundice the patient rarely recovers.
1987 16 174/2
Green jaundice is an uncommon complication of hyperbilirubinemia and has various causes in adults.
† green jerkin n. Obsolete (historical in later use) a person who wears a green jerkin, esp. a forester.
1826 W. Scott II. v. 139
By the force of his buffcoats and his greenjerkins.
The harmless revelry of the green-jerkins of Windsor-forest shall never be disturbed by brawls and bloodshed.
1901 J. Stoughton
I. v. 237
Hampden saw with pride his green jerkins winding through the vales of Buckinghamshire.
green jersey n. Cycling (in a race involving stages) a green racing jersey used to signify the current leader or overall winner of a secondary competition (typically a points competition for sprinting); (also) the wearer or winner of the jersey; cf. .
1961 2 July 16/5
Anquetil wore the yellow jersey for leading on time. Darrigade the green jersey for best points placings.
1993 23 Jan. 22/1
We had about 20 miles to go. And a break of 10 got away, including the second and third-placed girl and the green jersey.
2004 J. Wilcockson
He gets..the yellow jersey for leading the race, green jersey for leading on points, and white jersey for best young rider.
green lane n. a grassy lane; an unsurfaced rural road or track; cf. Recorded earliest in a surname.
1297 in L. M. Midgley
I. 92 (MED)
Iohanne ate Grenelane.
1678 J. Bunyan 163
We have, as you see, a fine pleasant green Lane, that comes down from our Countrey the next way into it.
1796 C. Tomkins II. 56
There are now only a few scattered houses in the green lanes, which once were streets.
1877 L. J. Jennings
Pref. p. vii
I have invariably followed a green lane or a field path, wherever one could be found.
1995 24 Mar. i. 5/7
We hope to set a legal precedent to protect hundreds of miles of green lanes that are at risk of being churned up by off-road vehicles.
† green-leafy adj. poetic Obsolete rare abundant in green foliage; verdant.
a1849 J. C. Mangan
Each green-leafy bosk and hollow.
† green-leave adj. Obsolete rare having green leaves.
1609 S. Rowlands 39
Where shady trees Embrac'd each other in their green-leave arms.
Green Line n. a service of express coaches serving London and surrounding counties (a proprietary name in the United Kingdom); chiefly attributive, as Green Line coach, etc.
1932 6 Feb. 14/3
Arrangements have been made for the acquisition of the Skylark Motor Coach Company..and the London to Ongar service of Associated Coaches... Licences held by the above companies to be regranted to Green Line Coaches.
1935 A. E. W. Mason v. 67
He..was almost run over by a Green Line charabanc.
1961 J. Stroud ii. 21
‘How do we get there?’ ‘Train, I suppose. Or Green Line.’
1994 P. Hobbs & M. Algar xv. 90
The Green Line Days Out brochure..describes inexpensive day-return outings by coach to places like Stratford-Upon-Avon, Hampton Court Palace, Oxford, Cambridge.
greenlining n. U.S. efforts aimed at increasing investment in neighbourhoods which have been red-lined or are otherwise disadvantaged (cf. ); spec. (esp. in early use) the boycotting of banks thought to engage in red-lining; frequently attributive.
1974 21 Mar. 14/2
This ‘green-lining’ program is aimed at turning around the red-lining which is said to be starving older communities of mortgage money.
1980 J. McClaughry in P. Duignan & A. Rabushka i. 383
The real answer to the bank that siphons its depositors' funds out of their declining neighborhood is greenlining.
He said Shorebank would revitalize Milwaukee's faltering neighborhoods through a process of long-term reinvestment and job creation called ‘greenlining’.
2003 P. Dreier in G. D. Squires xii. 193
Efforts involved consumer boycotts—‘greenlining campaigns’—of neighborhood banks that refused to reinvest local depositors' money in their own backyards.
green lung n. a park, public garden, or other area providing open space and greenery for the inhabitants of a city; cf. .
1885 H. A. Smith 84
Through the city are the pretty green ‘lungs’, as they have been called in London.
1946 20 Apr. 3/4
In the south of the city the parks were not to be resisted... The green lungs of black Manchester worked overtime.
2008 23 Mar. (Travel section) 10
The city's piece de resistance, also its green lung, is Lodhi Gardens, a free, quiet sanctuary for parakeets and lovers.
green manure n. a crop which is ploughed or dug into the ground while still growing in order to replenish nutrients and improve soil structure.
1785 4 213
The wheat is sown, and lightly harrowed, on purpose to cover it in sufficiently without unburying the green manure.
1842 J. F. W. Johnston 141
Among green manures the use of fresh sea-ware deserves especial mention.
1929 H. A. A. Nicholls & J. H. Holland
ii. ii. 123
The pigeon, or Congo pea (Cajanus indicus ) makes an excellent shade for the young trees and is also a good green manure.
2003 Sept. 9/1
As ground is cleared you may want to sow a green manure rather than leave bare earth through the winter.
green manuring n. the practice of using green manures to improve soil.
1821 tr. A. P. de Candolle & K. Sprengel iv. ii. 225
The green manuring..proves the same fact; but the slow fermentation of green vegetables should only be employed in fertile and warm soils.
1842 J. F. W. Johnston 139
The practice of green manuring has been in use from very early periods.
1947 D. H. Robinson
White lupin..is used only for green manuring.
2002 29 June (Life section) 10/1
Green manuring makes a comeback from grandpa's day.
green meat n. now regional and rare food or fodder consisting of green herbs, plants, or vegetables; also in plural.
c1450 Practica Phisicalia John of Burgundy in H. Schöffler
Let hym ete no frute nyr no grene-mete nyr no whyȝt mete.
a1475 J. Russell Bk. Nurture
Beware of saladis, grene metis, & of frutes rawe.
1566 T. Blundeville Arte of Rydynge
iii. lxxxix. f. 62, in
Horses be often grieued with griefe in the splen, and specially in Sommer season wyth gredy eatyng of sweete greene meates.
1607 E. Topsell 75
From April vnto Iune giue them grasse, and such greene meat as may be found abroad.
1736 S. Pegge
(at cited word)
To soil horses, is to scour or purge 'em, by giving 'em green meat, as tares, green clover, and the like.
1888 F. T. Elworthy at Green-meat
There idn nothin in the wordle do do osses so much good this time o' the year 's a bit o' green-mate.
1927 W. de la Mare 162
As for ‘tops’ [sc. turnip tops], there were enough of them..to keep a widow and nine children in green-meat for a hundred years.
Green Mountain State n. U.S. the State of Vermont.
1828 25 Sept. 1/5
The case of the administration has been completely triumphant throughout the Green Mountain State.
1948 July 74
It is of much historic interest to the Green Mountain State.
2000 Sept. 6/1
Paula Routly..is co-publisher and editor of Seven Days, the alternative weekly in Burlington, Vermont. She came to the Green Mountain State in 1978.
green muse n.
[Compare French muse verte (1865 or earlier).]
now rare absinthe.
1878 19 Jan. 672/1
In any one of the cafés on the Boulevard, dozens of persons may be seen sipping the ‘green muse’ as poor French writers, slaves to the drug which gives a momentary spur to their fagged and jaded minds, have poetically termed it.
1997 Apr. 42/1
Also called the green muse by its admirers, within a short time absinthe was known as ‘bottled madness.’
green oil n. any of various green-coloured oils, esp.
(a) oil pressed from unripe olives;
(b) U.S. regional = (now rare);
(c) = (now chiefly historical).
1607 E. Topsell 250
Two ounces of this Goates-greace and a pinte of greene Oyle mixed together.
1747 R. James 749
Take of the green Oil, three Pounds; of yellow Wax, ten Ounces.
1814 S. Weston 91
Ottar ogul, odour of roses was the green oil of the Psalmist, which we translate fresh oil; but the true ottar..has a greenish cast.
1867 93 346
I was..informed that no ‘green oil’ (petroleum) springs existed upon that estate.
1873 7 Mar. 115/1
Sometimes there is obtained a further distillate known as green oil, green grease, or heavy pitch oil, the residue in the boiler being pitch.
1938 R. Hum xvi. 390
Green or anthracene oil is also used for preserving wood, and as fuel.
1992 A. Bell tr. M. Toussaint-Samat vii. 215
The Romans in their day liked ‘green oil’, pressed from olives still hard and bitter.
2003 May 347/2
Anthracene oil (green oil).
green olive n. an unripe olive, harvested before its colour darkens (when it becomes a naturally ripened black olive).
1562 W. Bullein f. 31
He..sayth in Asia, beyonde the Countrye of the blacke Trions, the Wheate graines bee as bigge as grene oliues, which bee as big as Nutmegges.
1678 tr. M. Charas ii. i. 197
Green Olives are not in a condition to afford much Oyl.
1766 T. Smollett I. xvi. 264
The very finest, called virgin oil, is made chiefly of green olives, and sold at a very high price.
1889 P. L. Simmonds
The green olives are put into a solution of salt; they are kept there for some time, to cause them to lose their natural bitter taste.
1954 19 Apr. 79/2
Curried lamb circled from left by guava jelly,..chopped green olives, chopped bacon.
2005 18 July 54/1
Green olives are chewy, often stuffed with almonds, garlic, or feta cheese.
green oyster n.
(a) a green-finned oyster, formerly regarded as a delicacy (now historical);
†(b) Australian = (obsolete rare).
1667 T. Sprat 307
The history of the generation and ordering of green-oysters, commonly called Colchester-oysters.
1726 tr. B. L. de Muralt 39
Delicious green Oysters, and Roast-Beef.
1858 T. C. Eyton 27
The ‘green Oyster’ formerly in such high repute, is now gone out of fashion.
1890 F. M. Bailey 99/2
Green Oyster. Ulva Lactuca.
1992 A. Bell tr. M. Toussaint-Samat xii. 389
The vertes or green oysters of Marennes were also known, and..were already being refined in the special basins called claires.
Green Paper n. (in the United Kingdom and similar jurisdictions) a preliminary report, formerly printed on pale green paper, which sets out government proposals in order to stimulate discussion.
1967 K. Robinson in 6 Nov. 644
I wish to make a statement concerning the administrative structure of the medical and related services for which I am responsible. I shall..set out my views, probably in the form of a Green Paper, as a basis for public discussion and wide consultation.
1985 4 June 6/6
Supplementary benefit, criticised by the Green Paper as too difficult for claimants to understand and too complex for staff to run.
2004 H. Kennedy
A Green Paper to look at the fundamental causes of crime has been scotched by the Treasury.
green peril n. now rare absinthe.
1905 4 May 12/1
Some statistics..of the growth of the absinthe habit in France seem to justify the alarmists who speak of the beverage as ‘the green peril’.
1908 21 May 1/5
This taxing of the ‘green peril’ will no doubt be popular.
2000 Jan.–Feb. 19/2
The bitter-tasting apéritif was also dubbed the ‘green peril’, considered a debilitating narcotic, hallucinogen, [etc.].
1566 T. Blundeville Arte of Rydynge
xcviii. f. 72v, in
When you would haue him to stale, lette it be eyther vpon plentye of strawe, or vpon some grene plotte, or else in a sheps coate, the sauor whereof will greatly prouoke hym to stale.
1600 R. Surflet tr. C. Estienne & J. Liébault i. ii. 2
Wee must dresse some well defensed piece of ground or greenplot for fruits.
1712 J. James tr. A.-J. Dézallier d'Argenville 28
A large double Walk, and a Green-Plot in the Middle.
1828 H. D. Best 410
It is approached by a neglected, unplanted, unfenced green-plot.
21 May 5
Thieves may have scuppered the chances of an award-winning green plot retaining its title as Derby's best school garden.
green pound n. the exchange rate for the pound (occasionally also that for the Irish punt) formerly applied to payments for agricultural produce made under the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union and its predecessors.The green pound and similar ‘green’ currencies were abolished on the introduction of European Monetary Union in 1999.
1974 2 Sept. 1/4
The Irish, as food exporters, have been urging a reduction in the green pound because it would raise prices paid to their farmers and cut taxes at present levied on such exports as beef.
1974 14 Sept. 12/3
Britain and Ireland have what is labelled a Green Pound because sterling is floating in relation to the currencies of other EEC members.
1997 19 Sept. 13/8
Successive revaluations of the green pound have now knocked over 4p per litre off milk prices.
green ray n.
[in sense apparently translating French rayon vert, in J. Verne Le rayon-vert (1882)]
(a) a ray of light that gives a sensation of green when perceived; usually in plural;
1705 C. Purshall 221
That Glass has power only to separate the Green Rays of Light.
1864 30 Jan. 54/1
Chloride of sodium especially has the property of obscuring the green ray.
1883 10 Oct. 6/2
The maid says she has no objection to marriage, but she cannot think of it till she has seen ‘the green ray’—i.e., the last ray of the setting sun.
1902 A. M. Clerke
All of these gave the green ray fundamental to the nebular spectrum.
1996 A. Theroux 257
When these color rays pass through the lipophores, just under the epidermis, the blue and violet rays are absorbed and only the green rays escape.
2002 J. Eugenides iv. 448
‘You ever see a green ray?.. They say you can't take a picture of a green ray, but I got one.’
green revolution n.
(a) a great increase in the production of cereal crops in a developing country following the introduction of high-yield varieties and the application of scientific methods to agriculture;
(b) a dramatic increase in support for or adoption of environmentalist principles or practices.
1968 W. S. Gaud 8 Mar. in
These and other developments in the field of agriculture contain the makings of a new revolution... I call it the Green Revolution.
1980 2 Sept. 3/7
The party [sc. the Ecology Party] claims to offer a radical alternative outside the terms of reference of the main parties, ‘a green revolution to bring life and vitality back to the wasteland of contemporary politics’.
2006 D. Edgerton
The green revolution in the poor countries mitigated a growing divergence between the agriculture of the rich world and that of the poor.
2008 20 Apr. 50/1
There is a danger..that the rewards of a green revolution could be confined to an ‘eco-elite’ of people building solar homes and driving hybrids.
green road n. a grassy track or road; a farm road giving access to fields, etc.; an untarred road; see also quot. .
[1458 in C. Innes & P. Chalmers
And swa sowth..to the furd of Dersy vest the greyn rod.]
1798 W. Windham
2 Mar. 389
Delightful ride, in delightful day, through green roads..to Braywick.
1812 Feb. 230/2
She [sc. a hare]..crossed the green roads leading to Brighton Race Course, on to Bevendean.
1865 4 177
One of them..was a stoned road, the others were for the most part what are termed ‘green roads’, with gates wherever a hedge intersected them.
1900 D. W. Lewin in II. 718/1
[Kent] We call them green-roads.
1938 3 9
These limits embrace all the country between..the Northamptonshire forest-land on the one hand, and, on the other, all the land immediately visible or accessible from the ‘green road’ leading from the eastern counties to the Wiltshire Downs.
1943 175 203
Green-road. Farm-road to fields. Kent.
1991 S. Barry Prayers of Sherkin ii, in
There is no high path to the farms, no green road to the middle farms, no metalled road to the school.
green rod n. the rod borne as the symbol of office by the Gentleman-ushers of the Order of the Thistle.
1721 in A. Ramsay I. (List of Subscribers)
Usher of the Green Rod, and daily Waiter to his Majesty.
1869 J. E. Cussans
The Officers attached to this Noble Order [of the Thistle] are: the Dean; Lord Lyon, King-at-Arms; and the Usher of the Green Rod.
Its direct history, and all the paraphernalia that goes with it—the magnificent green mantle,..the Green Rod..which is carried in procession to St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh, and the badges with their St Andrew's Crosses—go back to James VII of Scotland.
green roof n. a roof covered with vegetation, esp. one intended to provide environmental benefits.
1984 J. Littler & R. Thomas 91
‘Green roofs’ are those covered with vegetation, usually grass. Their chief attraction is probably visual.
6 Feb. b1
The German League of Cities concluded that flat ‘green’ roofs save energy by insulating the building from heat and cold.
2005 12 Aug. i. 9/3
Green roofs..tend to be used by architects for visual reasons or to help with insulation and drainage, rather than to attract wildlife.
green rushes n. now historical fresh rushes spread on the floor of a house in honour of an esteemed guest who is a stranger; hence formerly as an exclamation of surprise or welcome on seeing a person who has been absent a long while; also in extended use.
1546 J. Heywood ii. iii. sig. Gii
Streight as tholde wife vs espide..Grene rushes for this stranger, strewe here (quoth she).
1589 R. Greene sig. K3
Indeede Doron..it is long since wee met,..when you come you shall haue greene rushes you are such a straunger.
1602 N. Breton
Greene rushes. M. Francisco it is a wonder to see you heere in this Country.
l. 75 in
Ryshes grene an other gan greete.
1823 W. Scott I. vii. 126
The Gothic apartment in which they generally met was, therefore, hastily put into the best order; their grooms were dispatched to collect green rushes to spread upon the floor.
1914 M. R. Warren vi. 92
It was almost midnight before the guests were conducted to their beds. The floors were strewn with green rushes, while the beds were spread with linen that had lain in sweet herbs.
2001 A. Franklin & P. Mason i. i. 23
The woman of the house would don a new white apron and prepare to cook them [sc. potatoes], covering the kitchen floor with green rushes in their honor.
green salad n. a salad composed chiefly of green ingredients such as lettuce, chicory, cucumber, watercress, etc.
1675 L. Addison xviii. 173
The fourth Dish, is a green Salad attended with Vinegre, in which they dipping the Salad, call to minde the sower herbs wherewith their Fathers were commanded to eat the Passover.
1756 T. Turner 19 June
My wife and I spent the even at my father Slater's. We dined off some rashers of pork and green salad.
1891 A. B. Marshall x. 416
Green Salad à la Bretonne... Take two hearts of well-washed and dried crisp lettuce.
Fennel is another herb that adds distinction to an ordinary green salad.
2007 23 July 24/1
The waitress..brought over a salmon burger for Riese and a green salad for the banker.
green-salted adj. (of an animal hide) salted down without tanning; cf. sense .
1833 27 Sept. 4/6
To tanners. The subscriber takes leave to inform his customers & the trade at large, that he has just received his fall stock of hides, consisting of..1300 green salted patna kips.
1885 C. T. Davis i. 55
Green salted [hides] are those that have been salted and are thoroughly cured.
29 Apr. b8
In order to have an idea about what the U.S. market offers, they are interested in receiving price quotations for wet blue, green-salted hides and crusts, and finished leathers.
green screen n. Cinematography and Television a version of the chromakey technique for combining two images, in which the background colour used is green; (also) a green background used for this; frequently attributive; cf. and Green screens are used more often than blue screens in digital filming because digital cameras are typically more sensitive to green light than to blue.
1983 Sept. 58
Green screen backgrounds—as opposed to blue screen—were generally preferred because they tended to produce less video ‘noise’ and ‘static’ during compositing.
1995 C. Carter Behind the Scenes 35
Blue jeans are fine: she'll use a green-screen if necessary to pull off the shot.
1998 Dec. 39/2
We've wire-removed, rotoed and comped every greenscreen shot we can.
2006 N. Reardon viii. 127
She stands in front of the green screen. That is where the weather map that you see at home is electronically projected.
2009 R. Martin xv. 488
Lighting for green screen is not something most aspiring filmmakers can learn from repeated viewings of director's commentaries of Sin City 2, 300, or Beowulf.
green seal n. and adj.
(a) n. wine distinguished by a green seal on the cork;
(b) adj. designating such wine.Cf. .
1823 J. G. Lockhart I. i. x. 116
If there was but one bottle of wine in my cellar, they should have it. Betty—Betty, my dear, you know best about such things—just desire the Bishop to fetch some of the old green seal.
1853 2 Apr. 271/1
At the sergeant's wedding supper he put the famous green-seal bottle between himself and his bride, and the two had it all to themselves.
1871 ‘M. Legrand’ 8
After having discussed a bottle of his particular green-seal claret.
1885 Feb. 493
Go and decant some green seal at once, will you.
1906 J. J. Black 305
Their Green Seal wine was formerly popular.
15 Jan. a10
The stunned chief executive arose..rode back to Wheatland (where he probably fortified himself with a bottle of Reigart's Old Green Seal madeira).
green shaving n. now rare the action of shaving the flesh side of an untanned animal hide; cf. sense .
1885 Jan. 275/1
The hides are next trimmed with a knife..and ‘green-shaving’ in turn removes the roughness from the flesh side of the skin.
1899 Sept. 100/2
Considerable skill is required in the green shaving.
green shoots n. figurative signs of growth or renewal; (now) spec. indications of economic recovery following a period of recession; also occasionally in singular.
1849 D. Wilson Pilgrim Fathers xvi, in W. H. Stowell 481
The refugees of New England had no choice but to banish or to be banished; to root out the green shoots of emigrant Prelacy, or to let it grow.
1976 27 Mar. (Survey) 3/2
At that time the first green shoots of a new Australian self-sufficiency were already visible.
Every fresh green shoot of economic growth risks being trampled by economists arriving to analyze its significance.
1992 13 Apr. 19/1
Every week in the last four months of 1991 was marked by predictions from one minister or another that the recession was about to end. The ‘green shoots’ of recovery were now showing.
2009 11 June 73/1
We have seen some deceleration in the rate of economic decline, and many people are saying that ‘green shoots’ are showing.
green soil n. now rare soil in which vegetable crops may be raised; a soil of this type.
1794 D. Ure 9
The soils under tillage, are commonly arranged into two kinds, namely, light and clayey. The former is called turnip, or green soil.
1900 Mar. 56
The yield of cowpeas will increase on these ‘green’ soils during the second and succeeding years.
green-soil v. now rare transitive to provide with green soil; (also) to sow (land) with seeds for green manure.
1859 2 204
I was so struck by this seeming folly, that I inquired of one of these gentlemen why he did not ‘green soil’ these lands, instead of abandoning them to weeds and desolation.
1899 H. R. Haggard in May 45
Our original idea was to greensoil the whole of this little field.
1904 3 Dec. 385/2
The committee..agreed that..the use of chemical fertilizers should be discontinued, and that the land be allowed to lie fallow or be green-soiled.
green space n. an area of grass or other vegetation; (in later use) esp. one maintained or designed for recreational or aesthetic purposes in an urban area; land of this type.
a1770 M. Akenside Ode to Evening-Star ix, in
See the green space..Where one old oak his awful shade Extends o'er half the level mead Inclos'd in woods profound.
1846 H. H. William viii. 124
There was a small green space by the wayside, covered with mossy turf.
1888 R. Lanciani iv. 74
Towards the end of the third century after Christ there were in ancient Rome eight campi or commons, green spaces set apart mostly for foot-races and gymnastic exercises.
1943 48 481/2
The new metropolitan district of the airplane age will thus include within its sphere of influence..open green spaces surrounding its taller buildings.
1995 Aug. 2/3
The need for a national agency for urban greenspace—a long-standing part of ILAM's Campaign for Leisure.
2008 20 May (G2 section) 19/1
Green spaces are packed with everyone from tai chi practitioners and inline skaters to groups of circuit trainers.
green-stain v. poetic rare transitive to stain green.
1856 T. Aird
Clover leaves green-stain his corduroys.
† green-staves n. Obsolete a person who carries a green staff or staves.
a1618 J. Sylvester Hymn of Alms in tr. G. de S. Du Bartas
But reverend Green-Staves, what's all this to you?
greenstick adj. Medicine attributive designating a type of bone fracture typically seen in children, in which the cortex of one side of the bone is cracked and that of the other side is bent, but the continuity of the bone is maintained.
[1676 R. Wiseman vii. i. 465
There is also a Curvednesse, which may be reduced to a Fracture... It is as it were when you break a green Stick; it breaks, but separates not.]
1850 J. A. Orr ii. xi. 153
Green-stick fracture is when some osseous fibres only have given way.
1931 E. Linklater ii. viii. 116
The bullet..entered sideways and lodged against his collar-bone, which suffered a greenstick fracture.
7 Aug. 84
He suffered internal injuries and a greenstick fracture of the arm during the game.
green-striper n. Navy slang an electrical engineer officer in the Royal Navy, whose uniform originally featured a green stripe on the sleeve.
1948 E. Partridge et al. 87
Green Striper, an officer in the Special Branch of the R.N.V.R. who wears an emerald-green stripe between the gold lace on his sleeves.
1951 A. H. Cherry 417
The third was Lieut. Archie Pitt, Starling's green-striper Asdic specialist.
1995 R. C. Weyman 30
I introduced myself to the officer in charge of the radar equipment.., a ‘green-striper’.
green stuff n.
[perhaps compare Norwegian grønsaker, Swedish grönsaker, Danish grønsager (plural) greens, vegetables]
(a) vegetation, foliage; green vegetables or salad leaves; also in plural;
(b) slang (originally and chiefly U.S.) cash, money; frequently with the.
[1622 J. Mabbe tr. M. Alemán ii. iv. 275
At supper we had a sallat, but a very poore one, and a great deale of chopt greene stuffe, (I know not what) amongst it.]
1778 A. Wight I. iii. 209
Their dung and piss will enrich the ground much more than the green stuff ploughed in.
1851 H. Mayhew II. 97/1
Street sellers of ‘green stuff’, including water-cresses, chickweed and gru'n'sel, turf, &c.
1887 G. H. Devol 207
Bill of course cleaned the crowd out, and reached the wharf-boat with a large roll of the good green stuff.
1895 Mar. 340
Fields of greenstuff and forage.
1950 Jan. 166/2
Somebody was tapping a certain PX cash register of that precious green stuff.
2004 May 70/1
Credit cards are readily accepted almost everywhere. Needless to say, if you're heading off to more remote places a supply of the green stuff is always advisable.
2006 1 June 6/6
I have been feeding my birds different greenstuffs over the years, but I now have the ultimate in greens.
green syrup n. (in sugar manufacture) the syrup which flows off from the loaves ().
1830 G. R. Porter xviii. 267
This first draining is called green syrup, on account of the new or green state of the sugar from which it runs.
1889 19 Aug. 4/6
It was also somewhat impure and dirty, the loaves not being properly washed and the green syrup not being removed.
2000 C. C. Chou ii. xvii. 333
The syrup is discharged as wash and green syrup.
† green tar n. Obsolete a naturally occurring asphalt having a greenish colour.
1737 19 Mar. 2/2
It hath also sufficient quantity of high Land proper for Tarr, Pitch, Turpentine and Green Tarr.
1750 G. Hughes ii. 50
As our most remarkable Fossils are of the Bituminous Kind, I shall begin with the green Tar. This is an oily Bitumonus Exudation..of a dirty Black, inclining to a Green.
1865 G. W. Gesner
There is a petroleum spring in St. Andrew's parish, Barbadoes. The product of this spring has been sold under the name of ‘green tar’, and ‘Barbadoes tar’.
green tea n. tea made from unfermented leaves, typically pale in colour and sometimes slightly astringent in flavour; (also) the leaves themselves.
1704 No. 4059/4
Green and Bohee Tea.
1708 29–31 Dec.
Green Tea..Resolves, and Attenuates.
1769 W. Buchan ii. 434
I have frequently known the heart-burn cured..by chewing green tea.
1832 E. Lankester 379
There are three kinds of green tea..one called hyson, hayssuen, is composed of leaves..carefully picked.
1856 C. S. Stewart xxvii. 358
[They] sat down to a supper of ‘pain perdu’ and green tea.
1937 Apr. 122/4
In Ceylon and India most of the tea is black tea, while in China and Japan green tea represents more than half of the manufacture.
1989 J. Melville
She brought green tea and small bean-jam cakes individually wrapped in soft rice-paper.
2005 26 Mar. 20/3
The anti-cancer compound in green tea, epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG, works by blocking the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase.
green thumb n. North American = , esp. in to have a green thumb .
1937 9 July 6/2
Besides being green-eyed, Miss Dvorak has what is known as ‘the green thumb.’ That's horticultural slang for being a successful gardener with instinctive understanding of growing things.
1943 R. Carson xvii. 203
Plants don't grow for me, but my wife's got a green thumb.
1962 19 July 89/1
Every kind of briar, of bush rose, of rare bulb, and flowering tree flourished under her green thumb.
2000 J. Cummings 187
If you have a green thumb and the space for cultivation, Thai herbs such as lemongrass and holy basil can easily be grown in a hothouse.
green-thumbed adj. North American =
1937 6 June f4/2
He is, I think, the ‘green-thumbed’ type of gardener, who has lived and loved his flowers and has learned from them and from the soil.
1986 Aug. 93/3
Many home gardeners have the green-thumbed ability to coax water lilies out of stone, so to speak.
2007 B. Braddock ii. 13
The front yard..was lush with shrubbery and ablaze with azaleas and poinsettias, a tribute to my green-thumbed parents.
Green Thursday n. (esp. in German-speaking contexts) the Thursday before Good Friday; Maundy Thursday.
[After German Gründonnerstag (in Middle High German as a phrasal construction, grüene donerstac; compare also Middle Dutch groene Donderdag, Middle Low German grȫne donrestach); the ultimate origin and motivation of the name is uncertain.]
1854 A. M. Howitt xxiii. 263
A blessed feeling of all the beauty..in the bursting of buds, in the up-springing of weeds and flowers, and in the carolling of birds—such are my memories of the ‘Vesper’ in the Hof-Kapelle on Green Thursday.
1870 Oct. 746/1
Cives, especially if eaten on Green-Thursday, protect against the evil-eye.
2003 11 Apr. 9/1
Herb Pudding has a Danish equivalent for Maundy Thursday (or ‘Green Thursday’) called Borecole.
green time n. the length of time for which a traffic signal displays a green light; (also) the length of time for which a vehicle can travel through a series of traffic signals without encountering a red or amber light.
1945 7 May 5/5
Feature of the signal will be to provide more of a balance between the interval of green time and the interval of red time.
1952 4 Aug. 23/7
The lights will be geared to a modified progressive cycle that will allow equal ‘green’ time to travelers in both directions and should enable motorists to average about six blocks between red lights.
1998 R. Cervero 310
Green time in outlying sectors will be shortened to reduce the discharge rate of inflowing traffic.
green ware n.
†(a) = (obsolete);
(b) unfired ceramics (see sense ).
1736 W. Ellis 109
Feeding his Ews, when no other Green Ware is to be had [sc. than rye].
1742 W. Ellis July xvii. 104
Turneps, Clover, and other Green-ware.
1833 i. 62
Four furnaces for hollow green ware at Philadelphia.
a1884 E. H. Knight Suppl. 423/1
Green Ware (Ceramics), articles just molded or otherwise shaped, before drying and baking.
1922 5 498
The average weight of one car loaded with green ware ready for the kiln is slightly over ten thousand pounds.
1999 M. Ostermann vii. 143/1
The buff-coloured greenware was sprayed with a heavy zircon-whitened slip before bisquing to 1120°C.
(a) a grassy path or way; (figurative) the pleasant path, the ‘broad way’ (cf. );
(b) chiefly U.S. a piece of undeveloped land near an urban area, set aside for recreational use or environmental conservation.In earlier versions of quot. there appears to have been confusion between the rhyming words.
OE Bounds (Sawyer 1347) in D. Hooke
On þære dic on þa dene þæt andlong dene on þone grenan weg.
On þyssum grenan wege, þe ic gange on, me oferhydige æghwær setton gearwe grine.
lOE Bounds (Sawyer 811) in W. de G. Birch
Of writeles þorne andlang þæs grenan weges to wuda huw on butan þæt hit cymð hut æt beorhtulfes treowe.
l. 335 in R. Morris
Lete we þeo brode stret and þene wey grene..Go we þene narewe wey, þene wey so schene [a1200 Trin. Cambr. [L]ate we þe brode strate and þane weg bene..Go we þane narewe pað and þene wei grene].
c1300 Holy Cross
l. 179 in C. Horstmann
Ȝwane þou comest to þe heued of þis valeie, a grene wei þov schalt wiende, Þat gez euene riȝt puyr est, and to parays gez þat on ende.
c1325 in M. Gelling & D. M. Stenton
Seynt Edburghes grene wey.
Swyche men & wymmen..leden þe folk in a grene waye toward helle, For grene waie is soft and fair, & so ben her wordes.
c1460 in A. Clark
Þe forsaide Abbot..had A Grene waye fro the towne of ledewell unto þe forsaide felde.
1645 J. Milton Sonnet ix, in 50
Lady that in the prime of earliest youth, Wisely hast shun'd the broad way and the green.
1895 W. Rye
Green Way, a road over turf between hedges, usually without gates.
1943 9 Oct. 234
Wood-riding, green way across a wood. Northants.
1965 8 Apr. f3/2
Preservation of natural form and foliage and clustering of usable land space..in a common green-way at the rear of the development.
1970 26 Aug. 10/3
A plan for turning two railway lines..into greenways for walkers, horseriders, and cyclists.
1999 Sept. 30/2
The Berkeley Triangle Project will transfer acreage to several state agencies to create a 10,000-acre greenway that will include protected habitat for threatened northern pine snakes.
green whey n. Cheese-making the pale green or greenish-yellow whey which separates naturally from the curd during coagulation, esp. as opposed to whey which is expressed from the curd at a later stage; cf. .
1708 May sig. B5
Green Whey excellent against Cholar.
1819 Feb. 65
In some instances, what is called ‘the green whey’, or that which is taken from the cheese-tub after the curd is formed, and the ‘white’, or that which is expressed from the curd itself, are at first treated separately.
1912 J. P. Sheldon 368
The curd..is allowed to settle for a time, during which the green whey comes out of it freely, the whey coming upwards, the curd settling downwards in the kettle.
2005 P. Kindstedt v. 97/1
For most cheeses a sharp, clean split with the accumulation of green whey at the base of the cleavage indicates that the curd is ready for cutting.
In names of animals. See also , , , etc.
green anole n. a green-coloured anole; spec. Anole carolinensis, which is native to south-eastern North America and the Caribbean and is popular as a pet.
1934 77 128
Anolis petersii. It is the rather sluggish, heavy bodied, green Anole which is not uncommon in [etc].
1956 No. 3. 178/2
[List of common names] Anolis—Anoles. Anolis carolinensis—Green Anole.
1983 V. Brown vi. 69
Geckos..and the green anole lizard (sometimes called a chameleon) of the southern states both can climb upside down along ceilings.
2000 Oct. 26/3
In Lizards Don't Wear Lip Gloss, the sisters go up against Angus the green anole, an ornery reptile who escapes from his vivarium.
green bass n. U.S. any of several freshwater basses of the genus Micropterus (family Centrarchidae); esp. the largemouth bass, M. salmoides.
1820 2 54
Ohio Red-eye. Aplocentrus calliops... Vulgar names Red-eyes, Bride pearch, Batchelor's pearch, Green bass.
1897 30 438/1
The boys called the rock bass the ‘black bass’, while large and small-mouth black bass were known as ‘green’ bass.
1965 A. J. McClane 473/1
The largemouth bass is regionally known as green bass, green trout, Oswego bass, and black bass.
† green bird n. Obsolete spec. the greenfinch, Carduelis chloris.
1675 J. Blagrave 107
Many Country-People cannot distinguish a Canary from one of our common Green-Birds.
1737 E. Albin 29
Of the Green-finch, Green-linnet: Or, as it is commonly called, the Green-bird.
1851 H. Mayhew II. 60/1
Greenfinches (called green birds, or sometimes green linnets, in the streets).
green blight n. now rare (in singular and plural) green aphids (greenfly) collectively.
1843 1 123
The parent fly of this insect was black, with very long transparent wings, like the green blight so often seen upon rose-trees.
1879 W. Rossiter
Green blights = Aphidæ: insects belonging to Homoptera.
1907 ‘V. Cross’ vi. 96
Green blight, in countless thousands, clinging to the rose stems.
green-bone n. any of several fishes with greenish bones, spec.
†(a) the garfish or garpike, Belone belone (obsolete);
(b) the viviparous blenny, Zoarces viviparus;
(c) New Zealand the butterfish, Odax pullus.
1699 R. Sibbald iii. 23
The red Gurnard, the Brasse, the Greenbone, the Hirling.
1786 xxiii. 77
And there is an eel called a burrabut or green-bone, that is, a viviparous fish.
1805 G. Barry iii. i. 291
The Viviparous Blenny (blennius viviparus)..from the colour of the back-bone, has here got the name of greenbone.
1883 E. P. Ramsay 29
Belone ferox, the ‘Long Tom’ of the fishermen, ‘green-bone’, and ‘gar-fish’ of Europeans.
c1920 J. H. Beattie
The kelp fish of Canterbury is the Blue-bone of Nelson and may be the Green-bone of Southland.
1957 A. W. Parrott 130
It is unfortunate that the Butterfish has been given a variety of local names.., as for example, Kelpfish, Kelp-salmon, Greenbone, and several other names.
1988 G. Lamb
Green, greenbean the fish, the viviparous blenny, green bone.
greenbottle n. any of several blowflies of a metallic green colour, of the genus Lucilia (family Calliphoridae); esp. the common L. caesar and L. sericata; cf. .In quot. 1828 in a figurative context.
1828 II. ii. 35
The large blue bottle, the green bottle, the useful and industrious bee, and other ‘flies’ of the like kind.
1844 1 June 344/1
Amongst the most familiar of these are the green-bottle, the blue-bottle or flesh-fly, the larder-fly.., the biting house-fly.
1915 A. Teixeira de Mattos tr. J. H. Fabre xvi. 280
It is a golden-green Fly, a Green-bottle (Lucilia Cæsar), who lives on putrid flesh.
1998 C. Mims
Next come the specialized flesh-flies such as Lucilia, the greenbottle.
green bug n. now chiefly U.S. any of various green aphids (greenfly) and other green insects that are typically pests of plants; (in later use) esp. the widespread aphid Schizaphis graminum, which infests grasses and cereal crops.
1704 Nat. Hist. vi, in L. Wafer
The Green-bugg. His Head yellow, above mixt with green; it stinks much.
1741 W. Ellis May xv. 184
An Insect seldom, or never, misses attacking our green Cherries;..we call them Ladlemen, or the Green Fly, or Bug.
1879 J. H. Comstock
(U.S. Dept. Agric.)
Appendix 2. 485
Then there is what is called the green bug. This insect does its mischief by sucking the limbs and branches of the plant.
1908 P. T. Dondlinger x. 180
The Spring Green Aphis (Toxoptera graminum Rond).—This species, popularly called the ‘green bug’, was first described in 1852.
1971 R. E. Pfadt
The greenbug, a species of aphid, is the most destructive pest of small grains in central and southwestern states.
2006 J. T. Costa xi. 290
The southern green stinkbug, Nezara viridula (L.). This serious crop pest [is] also known as the green vegetable bug, or simply the green bug.
green cormorant n. the shag, Phalacrocorax aristotelis.
1804 T. Bewick II. 390
Shag, Skart, Scarfe, or Green Cormorant.
1980 26 233
Bottom left—shag or green cormorant—a bird with various religious associations.
green crab n. a green-coloured crab; esp. the common shore crab, Carcinus maenas, of north Atlantic coasts.
1763 R. Brookes III. p. xxvii
The Green Crab with red claws, is of the same size as the Blue Crab; but may be easily distinguished from them by their colour.
1863 J. G. Wood
Any living thing that can be caught becomes prey to the Green-Crab.
2005 A. Burdick
If a green crab and a hemigrapsus shore crab are left alone.., will the green crab eat the shore crab?
green dolphin n. now rare the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, which attacks peas and other legumes.
1836 Aug. 136/2
On inspection it is discovered that every drooping head is filled with the green dolphin.
1850 Ann. Rep. Commissioner Patents 1849: Agric. 339 in (31st Congr., 1st Sess.: House of Representatives Executive Doc. 20, Pt. 2) VI
These plants are often smothered with lice, or green-dolphin, as they are termed.
1926 F. V. Theobald I. 132
This common aphid is usually spoken of as the Green Pea Louse or Green Dolphin.
green drake n. a common mayfly of the genus Ephemera; esp. the brown mayfly, E. vulgata; (also) an artificial fly made in imitation of this.
1676 C. Cotton ii. 323
The Green-drake and Stone-fly.
1787 T. Best
Grey-drake, Found in general where the Green-drake is, and in shape and dimensions perfectly the same.
1884 G. F. Braithwaite vi. 26
The most beautiful species of our ephemera, the green and grey drakes.
1990 Dec. 15/1
His stonefly and Green Drake imitations were primarily to be fished for trout.
green eel n.
†(a) any of various green-coloured eels; esp. a form of the common eel, Anguilla anguilla (obsolete);
(b) Australian the yellow moray, Gymnothorax prasinus (now rare).
1653 I. Walton x. 191
Some curious searchers into the natures of fish, observe that there be several sorts or kinds of Eeles, as the silver-Eele, and green or greenish Eel (with which the River of Thames abounds, and are called Gregs); and a blackish Eele.
1736 T. Boreman iii. 33
The Green Eel is of the bigness of a large common Eel, and like it in shape.
1800 S. Taylor ii. 135
The Green Eel has a broad flat head, and is much flatter towards the tail than the other.
The ‘green eel’ (Muræna afra) is found abundantly in the holes and crevices of the rocks everywhere.
1922 H. A. Smith 84
The commonest species is the green eel (Gymnothorax prasina).
greeneye n. any of various small, slender deep-sea fishes that constitute the widespread family Chlorophthalmidae, which have large iridescent green eyes.
1907 H. M. Smith 140
Genus Chlorophthalmus Bonaparte. Green-eyes. Small, smelt-like fishes with terete, slightly compressed body, long head, [etc.].
1954 106 208
Mr. Henry W. Fowler, Curator of Fishes, reports..from off the New Jersey coast, a new record, the Greeneye, Chlorophthalmus chalybaeus.
1997 G. S. Helfman et al. xvii. 296
Deep-sea environment... Representative species are a mesopelagic lanternfish.., benthopelagic rattail and halosaur, and benthic snailfish and greeneye.
green frog n. any of various frogs or (rarely) toads, esp. of the genus Rana, that are typically green-coloured; spec. (in later use)
(a) the frog R. clamitans of North America;
(b) any of a group of frogs that includes the European edible frog ( R. esculenta) and its parent species the marsh frog ( R. ridibunda) and the pool frog ( R. lessonae) (also called water frog).
1653 I. Walton vii. 151
The green Frog..is by Topsel taken to be venemous; and so is the Padock, or Frog-Padock.
1763 R. Brookes I. 324
The small Tree Frog, or Green Frog, is distinguished from other kinds by its small size, and green colour.
1832 W. D. Williamson I. 169
Of the Frog kind are six species:—1. the Toad; 2. the pond Frog; 3. the speckled Frog; 4. the tree Toad; 5. the bull Frog; and 6. the green Frog.
1953 H. S. Zim & H. M. Smith v. 133
The Green Frog is smaller..with a yellowish throat, especially in the males.
2002 E. N. Arnold
Water or Green frogs are often noisy, frequently aquatic and usually gregarious.
green grosbeak n. now rare the greenfinch, Carduelis chloris.
1776 T. Pennant
(ed. 4, octavo)
a1825 R. Forby
Green-olf, the green finch, or, more properly, green grosbeak. Parus viridus.
1905 C. H. M. Gaskell iv. 179
A lintie (a linnet), a green grosbeak (greenfinch), a Harry redcap (goldfinch).
green heron n. a small heron of North and Central America, Butorides virescens, with a dark greenish back and wings and a chestnut neck.Formerly considered to be conspecific with the striated heron, B. striata, of the Old World.
1785 T. Pennant II. ii. 447
Green Heron... Ardea virescens. Lin. Syst. 238... Inhabits from New York to South Carolina.
1855 46 222
Night-herons, snowy-herons, green-herons, and little-herons construct their nests so closely together that four or five hundred of them may be counted upon twenty or thirty cedars.
1927 39 81
This report has to do with some observations made in a Green Heron colony during the seasons of 1921 and 1922.
1998 5 Apr. 11/4
Winn infects the reader with her enthusiasm for life in the park: ‘A nest!’ (Green herons in the Ramble.) ‘It was a loon!’ (A Gavia immer at the Reservoir.)
green lacewing n. any of numerous lacewings that constitute the family Chrysopidae, mostly of the genera Chrysopa and Chrysoperla, which typically have greenish bodies and golden eyes and are the most familiar neuropterans.
[1875 J. C. Melliss iii. 171
Chrysopa, Leach. C. congrua, Walk.—One of the green Lace-wing-flies.]
1889 No. 51. 6
Chrysopa-Flies. These beautiful green lace wings, with their brilliant golden eyes, are no mean factor in this warfare against plant lice.
1947 A. D. Imms
The Hemerobiidae (Brown Lacewings) and Chrysopidae (Green Lacewings) are notably beneficial since their larvae destroy large numbers of Homoptera and other small insects.
2001 Sept. 9/2
Green lacewings Chrysopa carnea are among the insects drawn to lit windows and often find their way indoors.
green leek n. Australian (more fully green leek parrot) any of several predominantly green parrots; esp. the superb parrot, Polytelis swainsonii, of south-east Australia.
1845 18 Jan. 3/4
A most extraordinary bird of the parrot species, commonly called the green leek, a native of New South Wales.
1889 4 418
Trichoglossus concinnus..known as ‘Green-leek’ and ‘Musk-paroquet’.
1945 M. Raymond 9
He opened the dilly-bag and disclosed a young greenleek parrot.
11 May 3
Sometimes referred to as the green leek parrot, the social bird nests in the hollows of the red gums.
green lizard n. any of various green-coloured lizards; spec.:
(a) a large lizard, Lacerta viridis (family Lacertidae), found from Iberia to Ukraine;
(b) U.S. the green anole, Anole carolinensis.
1600 R. Surflet tr. C. Estienne & J. Liébault i. xxviii. 182
Make a powder of a greene lizard, and arsnicke, put it into the eie [sc. of a horse], for to fret awaie the naile.
1685 N. Grew
The Green Lizard. It was brought from the West-Indies.
1709 J. Lawson 131
Green Lizards are very harmless and beautiful, having a little Bladder under their Throat, which they fill with Wind.
1776 S. Ward XI. 57
The green lizard is so called from its colour, and is larger than the common sort.
1832 T. Brown I. 291
Lacerta viridis.—The Green Lizard. Bright green, with numerous black or brown points above.
1881 15 96
The green lizard (Anolis principalis) of the Southern United States is sometimes called the American chameleon.
1973 A. d'A. Bellairs & J. F. D. Frazer
The introduction of..Lacerta viridis, the Green Lizard, into the south of England has also proved unsuccessful.
2004 60 193/2
Sightings and photographic records were communicated..by oil workers and biologists who referred to this lizard [sc. Liolaemus gununakuna] as the ‘green lizard’.
green louse n. now rare a greenfly or aphid.
1682 tr. J. Goedaert §8. 125
The Worm of the 134th. Table, feeds of little creatures, which they call Green Lice; and do lick the fat of Roses.
1703 tr. H. van Oosten iv. xii. 223
The green Louse can do hurt.
1827 E. Bevan i. 31
The fecundation of the female aphides or green lice, by the males of one generation, will continue for a year.
Carnation. For Green Lice fumigate or spray [insecticide numbers] 2 or 10.
green mamba n. , , , either of two venomous green arboreal snakes of the genus Dendroaspis (family Elapidae), found in forests in Africa: the common D. angusticeps of southern Africa, and D. viridis of West Africa.
1862 J. S. Dobie Jrnl. 16 Oct. in
He called it a green mamba and was about 9 feet long.
1912 F. W. Fitzsimons
Green Mambas are always found in the forests, clumps of tangled creeper-covered bush, and wooded valleys.
1969 J. L. Cloudsley-Thompson iv. 74
Although longer, heavier and more terrestrial than the forest-dwelling green mamba..it [sc. the black mamba] is not confined to the ground.
2003 May 146/1
The Gbayas speak with fear of gòk gòrò, a deadly green tree snake (most probably the green mamba) which sometimes hides inside bees nests.
green pigeon n. any of numerous predominantly green-coloured pigeons constituting the genus Treron, widely distributed in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical Asia.
1698 J. Fryer 175
Our usual Diet was (besides plenty of Fish) Water-Fowl, Peacocks, Green Pidgeons, spotted Deer, Sabre, Wild Hogs, and sometimes Wild Cows.
1767 J. Kindersley Nov.
Of the feathered race, peacocks, wild ducks, wild geese, partridges, beccaficos, green pigeons, and a variety of others.
1831 J. Gould Pl. lviii
The present as well as the preceding species, together with several others, are known to the natives of India by the general name of the Green Pigeon.
1928 H. Whistler 297
The Green Pigeon is found almost throughout India, Burma and Ceylon, and farther east.
1997 B. McCrea et al. 405
Look out for the flashing red flight feathers of fruit-eating birds like the purple-crested lourie or green pigeons.
green pike n. North American in later use any of several predatory North American fishes; esp. the walleye, Sander vitreus, and the chain pickerel, Esox niger.In quot. : a gar, Lepidosteus osseus.
1804 G. Shaw V. i. 120
Green Pike. Esox Viridis... Native of the seas about Carolina.
1877 No. 10. 46
Stizostethium vitreum... Wall-eyed Pike... Green Pike.
1920 W. Packard 330
Esox reticulatus..known sometimes as green pike or jack, but more often as pond pickerel.
1946 F. LaMonte 128
Eastern Pickerel—Esox niger... Green Pike.
1983 G. C. Becker 871
Walleye. Stizostedion vitreum vitreum... Other common names..green pike.
green plover n.
(a) the lapwing, Vanellus vanellus;
(b) U.S. the American golden plover, Pluvialis dominica.
Plouers grene of the best, the dosen iii. s.
1624 J. Smith v. 171
Many sorts of Fowles, as..the gray and greene Plouer, some wilde Ducks.
1678 J. Ray tr. F. Willughby 308
The green Plover, Pluvialis viridis.
1754 E. Burt I. vii. 154
The Green-Plover or Pewit..is therein called the ungrateful Bird.
1828 W. Scott
2nd Ser. l. 228/2
That beautiful bird the Green-plover, in Scottish called the Peese-weep.
1888 G. Trumbull 195
American Golden Plover... At Portsmouth, N.H., and in Massachusetts at Salem and Chatham, Green Plover.
1922 N. Blanchan
American Golden Plover... Called also: Field Plover; Greenback; Green Plover; Pale-breast; [etc.].
1996 S. E. G. Lea & M. Kiley-Worthington in V. Bruce vii. 229
The Green Plover gets its alternative name of Lapwing from the way it leads potential predators away from its nest by appearing to be injured.
green pollack n. the saithe or coalfish, Pollachius virens; (later also) the pollack, P. pollachius; cf. .
1859 S. G. Goodrich II. 455
The Green Pollack, M[erlangus] leptocephalus, is deep green above, silvery-white beneath.
1880–4 F. Day I. 295
Gadus virens..Coal-fish..also locally as..green-cod, green-pollack, gray-lord.
1933 K. Roberts 6
The green pollocks come up the river by the millions.
1988 T. Scully 199
Colin... A variety of cod, and resembling it, the coalfish (Pollachius virens: ‘green pollack’) is to be prepared like a cod.
green racer n. U.S. either of two North American colubrid snakes, the blue racer, which is a form or subspecies of the racer ( Coluber constrictor), and the striped whip snake, Masticophis taeniatus.
1860 J. G. Cooper in
(U.S. War Dept.)
Bascanion vetustus, Baird & Girard. The Green Racer.
The Zamenis constrictor is the ‘black snake’ of the East and the ‘blue’ and ‘green racer’ of the West.
1957 A. H. Wright & A. A. Wright I. 464
Green racer... Masticophis taeniatus schotti.
1977 79 246/2
The green racer (Coluber constrictor) and bullsnake (Pituophis melanoleucus) together constituted the second most frequently consumed prey group.
green sandpiper n. a small migratory sandpiper, Tringa ochropus, which has a dark greenish-brown back and wings and breeds in subarctic Europe and Asia; (U.S.) the similar solitary sandpiper, T. solitaria.
1766 T. Pennant 125
The green Sandpiper.
1829 A. E. Wilson III. 127
[The solitary sandpiper]..has considerable resemblance, both in manners and markings, to the Green Sandpiper of Europe.
1877 1 524
A Green Sandpiper appeared here, and took up its quarters at a little pool close to the shore.
1917 T. G. Pearson 245
Solitary sandpiper... Green Sandpiper; American Green Sandpiper.
1999 2 Feb. i. 18/7
I arrived to find a green sandpiper busy sinking its bill into the obviously appetising sludge.
green sea turtle n. the green turtle, Chelonia mydas.
1833 5 Mar. 165/1
The green sea-turtles generally assemble in numbers: they can remain long under water, and sleep upon it.
1892 W. B. Stevens 105/1
People who pay for green sea turtle soup at the rate of about 5c a spoonful can figure out the profit in a 650-pounder.
1921 E. W. Nelson 135
Green sea turtles are plentiful about the southern coast.
29 Apr. 17/1
An experiment by marine biologists working off the coast of Florida has demonstrated the phenomenal ability of the green sea turtle to sense subtle variations in the earth's magnetic field.
green sunfish n. a North American freshwater fish of the genus Lepomis (family Centrarchidae); spec. the common and widespread L. cyanellus, which has a greenish back and markings.
The green sunfish abounds throughout the entire Mississippi Valley.
1949 L. S. Caine 38
Bluegill—Lepomis macrochirus... Colloquial name... Green Sunfish.
1969 D. F. Costello ix. 170
Game fish now found in the largest lakes include northern pike, walleye,..crappie, and green sunfish.
2009 14 May a16/5
Walleye and tiger musky are stocked in the reservoir to control green sunfish.
green swallow n.
(a) any of several New World swallows of the genus Tachycineta, with greenish-blue plumage; esp. the tree swallow, T. bicolor, of North America; (now rare);
†(b) either of two perching birds of Central and South America, the swallow-tailed cotinga, Phibalura flavirostris (family Cotingidae), and the swallow tanager, Tersina viridis (family Thraupidae) (obsolete rare).
1831 R. Jameson
Hirundo viridis, Wilson.—H. bicolor, Vieill. Green, Blue, or White Bellied Swallow.
1837 W. Swainson II. 74
The third aberrant division [of chatterers] is indicated by the European chatterer, the singular fork-tailed genus Phibalura (P. flavirostris Vieil.) and the Procnias ventralis Ill., or green swallow of Brazil.
1849 P. H. Gosse in E. Gosse
Received green swallow from Jamaica.
1903 III. 235
Tachycineta albilinea... The eggs of the Central-American Green Swallow in the Collection measure respectively: ·67 by ·51; ·7 by ·52.
green toad n. any of several greenish toads of the genus Bufo; esp. B. viridis of Eurasia and B. debilis of southern North America.
1802 G. Shaw III. i. 153
The Green Toad is a native of Germany and some other parts of Europe.
1862 XV. 512/2
The other European species is the natterjack, mephitic, or green toad (Bufo calamita, Laur.).
1902 4 101
Budo debilis... Green Toad. As far as my observations go, this species is common in but one locality.
1965 128 218
The European green toad (Bufo viridis) is a surprisingly euryhaline amphibian.
1998 P. C. Rosen et al. in B. Tellman et al. 68
Green Toad—Bufo debilis. Seen breeding in large numbers..in shallow grassland temporary ponds.
green tree ant n. a green-bodied arboreal weaver ant, Oecophylla smaragdina, of Asia and northern Australia, which makes nests by stitching leaves together and has a painful bite.
1845 L. Leichhardt 16 June
It was at the lower part of the Lynd that we first saw the green-tree ant; which seemed to live in small societies in rude nests between the green leaves of shady trees.
1936 T. C. Roughley 176
‘Hell has no fury like a woman scorned,’ wrote Congreve early in the seventeenth century. The green tree-ant was obviously not known then.
4 Apr. 26
In the case of green tree ants, which create white football-sized nests in vegetation such as palms, they were being spurred on by recent plant growth.
green tree frog n. any of various green arboreal frogs of the families Hylidae and Rhacophoridae; spec. Hyla arborea of central and southern Europe, H. cinerea of North America, and Litoria caerulea of Australia.
[1673 J. Ray 101
This day we first took notice of the little green Tree-Frogs.]
Rana viridis arborea. The green Tree Frog. These Frogs are always found sticking to the under Sides of Leaves of Trees.
1885 J. G. Wood 522
The best known species is the common green tree-frog of Europe, now so familiar from its frequent introduction into fern-cases and terrestrial vivaria.
1990 63 1043
The green tree frog, Litoria caerulea, is distributed widely in Australia.
2006 C. Roots iii. 52
European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea)... It is also called the common tree frog and the green tree frog.
green turtle n. a large herbivorous sea turtle, Chelonia mydas (family Cheloniidae), found in all tropical and subtropical seas and noted for its green-coloured fat.The green turtle is much valued as a source of food.
1657 R. Ligon 4
There is a third kind, called the Green Turtle,..far excelling the other two, in wholesomnesse, and Rarenesse of taste.
1792 M. Riddell 63
Four species of turtle are found on the shores of this island—the green-turtle, the hawk's-bill,..the logger-head, and the land-tortoise.
1898 9 Nov. 3/1
The sea round about the West Indies is the happiest hunting-ground for green turtle.
1952 E. Hemingway
He loved green turtles and hawk-bills with their elegance and speed.
2005 3 Aug. 9/2
There are fewer than a million green turtles in the Caribbean today.
greenwing n. North American (more fully greenwing teal) the green-winged teal, Anas crecca; cf. .
[1800 3 182
Blue and green wing teal (anas querquedula).]
1813 J. Belknap
Blue wing Teal, Anas discors? Green wing Teal, Anas—.
1832 W. D. Williamson I. 142
Of the two Teals, the green wing is the larger; both are very fine for the table.
1895 Dec. 212/1
They were soon joined by more green-wings.
1993 May 12/3
About 85 percent of the ducks here are bluewing teal, with a smattering of northern shovellers, wood ducks, ruddies and the odd greenwing teal.
green woodpecker n. a large Eurasian woodpecker, Picus viridis, which has green upperparts, a red crown, and a loud laughing call, and feeds chiefly on ants on the ground.
1668 W. Charleton 86
Picus viridis..the Hickwall, Witwall, or Green-Wood-pecker.
1774 O. Goldsmith V. 249
The Green Wood-spite or Wood-pecker is called the Rain-Fowl in some parts of the country.
1843 W. Yarrell II. 136
The Green Woodpecker..[is] said to be vociferous when rain is impending.
1941 Ld. Alanbrooke Diary 5 July in
Discovered wryneck nesting in green woodpecker nesting box.
2003 Sept. 28/2
Green woodpeckers hoover up ants on the lawn.
In names of plants and fruits (often translating the scientific Latin epithet viridis
). See also , , , etc.
green alder n. a shrubby alder, Alnus viridis, common in rocky or mountainous areas in north temperate regions.Several subspecies of A. viridis exist; these were formerly (and are sometimes still) treated as separate species.
1869 3 408
Green alder..has a range similar to that of the western birch, and attains a similar size toward the west.
1910 E. A. N. Arber ix. 234
The Green Alder has no very striking peculiarities. It resembles the Alders of the plains, except that it is rather dwarfed in stature.
2007 K. Junker iv. 85
The green alder from central Europe is shrublike with tall, erect stems reminiscent of a hazel. Perfect for underplanting.
green arrow n.
[ < + alteration of ]
English regional (now rare) the common Eurasian yarrow, Achillea millefolium.
1875 7 Aug. 161/3
Green 'arrow, Green 'arrow, you bears a white blow.
1898 H. R. Haggard in Oct. 500
I found the wildflower called Green-arrow in bloom.
1909 G. J. Drews 306
Yarrow is also called milfoil, green arrow, thousand leaf, carpenters grass, bloodwort, old man's pepper and soldier's woundwort.
green ash n. North American a North American ash tree, Fraxinus pennsylvanica of eastern and central areas.
1810 F. A. Michaux I. 34
F[raxinus] concolor. Green ash (Frêne vert), nom donné par moi à cette espèce, qui n'en a aucun dans les pays où elle croît.
1882 23 Sept. 273/1
The green Ash..so called from the colour of the young shoots.
1908 N. L. Britton 805
It has been supposed that the so-called Red ash and Green ash could be told apart by the velvety twigs of the former and the smooth ones of the latter.
2008 Mar. 70/2
Cottonwoods and green ash grow in the bottoms of the larger valleys.
green bean n. any bean plant cultivated for its edible pods rather than for its seeds, esp. the French bean, Phaseolus vulgaris; the pod or beans of such a plant, esp. of the French bean (usually in plural).
1526 ccccxcxiii. sig. Diii
For the grene chyches ben lyke in vertue and operacyon to grene benes and the dry to the dry but not in al.
1691 J. Dunton I. 40
My Banquet sometimes was green Beans and Peason, Nuts, Pears, Plumbs, Apples, which were now in season.
1716 J. Mortimer
II. xiii. i. 129
In gathering green Beans for the Table, it is the best way to cut them off with a Knife.
1842 C. M. Kirkland II. xli. 232
‘Snaps’ are young green beans.
1874 F. Burr viii. 408
Early plantings..yielded pods for stringing in about ten weeks, green beans in twelve or thirteen weeks.
1969 S. G. Harrison et al. 36/1
The Scarlet Runner is by far the most popular green bean in Britain.
1 Jan. d7/3
Repeated exposure to green beans..increased the babies' consumption of this vegetable whether they were breast-fed or formula-fed.
† green bind n. Obsolete =
1805 R. W. Dickson II. 744
There is only one species of this plant in cultivation, but which has several varieties, as the red-bind, the green-bind, the white-bind.
1835 Nov. 453/2
The green-bind sort, though less hardy than the preceding, is a very productive bearer.
1863 Oct. 147
Sometimes they are distinguished by the colour of the bind or stem... There is the red bind, the green bind, the white bind, and some others.
green bine n. now rare a variety of the common hop, Humulus lupus, having a green bine.
Liability of the white bine hop and of the green bine also to blight.
1889 31 Aug. 627/2
The White and Green Bine hops are grown in Surrey, Hants, and Worcestershire.
1983 F. R. Sanderson & H. C. Smith in G. S. Wratt & H. C. Smith xxxiv. 289/2
A breeding programme was commenced in 1951 to try to combine the resistance of the Old English variety Fuggle (Green Bine), with the high yield and quality of Californian Late Cluster.
greenbriar n. North American any of various climbing plants of the genus Smilax.
c1785 S. Pears in
We had not anything to live on..except..greenbrier berreys.
1839 J. J. Audubon I. 302
The Green Briar, or Round-leaved Smilax,..is common along fences.
1903 G. F. Thompson 74
The greenbrier..is an enemy to goat raising; not that it is poisonous, but because of its physical character.
I have determined that I have a thorny shrub or vine that is called greenbrier.
green broom n. now rare any of several types of broom (); esp. the common broom, Cytisus scoparius, of northwestern Europe.The identity of the plant in the early quots. is uncertain.
?1578 W. Patten 26
Euery wight with hiz blu buckeram brydelace vpon a braunch of green broom (cauz rozemary iz skant thear).
1651 D. Border clxix. 107
Take tops of green Broom a reasonable quantity.
1733 P. Miller
Cytiso-genista, Common (or Green) Broom.
1895 Nov. 203/1
Both on mountain and moorland in Great Britain the comely and modest green broom has had ‘a local habitation and a name’, from time immemorial.
1921 27 31
The last mentioned plant [sc. Cytisus scoparius] is also known as ‘Scotch broom’, ‘green broom’ and ‘besom’.
green dragon n. either of two arums (family Araceae),
†(a) the European dragon arum, Dracunculus vulgaris (also green dragon arum); cf. ; (now rare);
(b) the North American plant Arisaema dracontium, which has a pale green flower; also called dragon root.
1789 W. Aiton III. 315
Short-sheath'd Arum, or Green Dragon.
1818 A. Eaton
1883 W. Robinson 37/1
Arum Dracontium (Green Dragon Arum) grows abundantly in the moist and swampy districts of Virginia and New England.
1939 A. H. Wood 82
Another aroid, sometimes grown in the house but more often out of doors, is the dragon arum or green-dragon (Dracunculus vulgaris).
7 Sept. g1
There are many other arisaemas that have recently been embraced by adventurous shade gardeners, including the native green dragon.
† green endive n. Obsolete any of several similar wild lettuces with bitter-tasting leaves, esp. prickly lettuce, Lactuca serriola, and L. virosa.
1548 W. Turner sig. D.vijv
The thyrde sorte is called in latin Lactuca syluestris, in englishe grene Endyue, the Poticaries haue longe abused thys herbe for right Endyue.
Boyl them in good Mutton-Broath, with Mace, a Faggot of sweet Herbs, Sage, Spinage, Marygold-leaves and Flowers, white or green Endive, Burrage, Bugloss, Parsley, and Sorrel.
1846 G. Pépé I. viii. 129
Excessive hunger made me eat with avidity the green endive which grows there to some height.
green gram n. the mung bean, Vigna radiata.
1813 14 Apr. 871–2
3 [measures]..of Doll and Green Gram.
1929 H. A. A. Nicholls & J. H. Holland
ii. xv. 457
Phaseolus radiatus is the ‘mung’ or ‘green gram’ of India.
2008 L. Kaplan in C. M. du Bois et al. i. 39
Vigna radiata, the mung bean or green gram, is well known in the West as the most important source of bean sprouts.
† green fillet n. Obsolete rare a kind of apple used for making cider.
1662 J. Beale in T. Birch
White musts of divers kinds, red cheekt and red-streakt musts of several kinds, green musts, called also green fillet, and blue spotted: why, I say, we should prefer them for cider before table-fruit.
Green Cider..made of a green fillet, as they called it, where they had other kinds of fillets. This which I commend..was a small, round, and green Apple full of black spots.
green hawthorn n. North American a hawthorn, Crataegus viridis, of the south-eastern United States, commonly grown in gardens as an ornamental.
1771 J. R. Forster Catal. Plants N. Amer. in tr. J. B. Bossu II. 39
Crategus viridis..Hawthorn, green.
1832 G. Don II. 601/1
C. viridis... Native of Carolina. Perhaps a variety of C. coccinea. Green Hawthorn.
1909 5 155
Crataegus viridis L. Green Hawthorn. A small tree often without thorns. Fruit persisting into the winter.
2004 J. Meyer ii. 116/2
After a show of bronze, red, and gold fall foliage, the green hawthorn..develops orange-red fruits that resemble rose hips.
green hellebore n. either of two poisonous plants with green flowers, a stemless hellebore, Helleborus viridis, and Indian poke, Veratrum viride.
[1737 J. Armstrong 325
Let a great many deep Pits be dug about their Roots, and filled with great Quantities of green Hellebore Root.]
1774 J. Hill XXIV. 12
Green Hellebore... Helleborus Viridis.
1872 H. Watts VI. 695
Helleboreïn is much more abundant in black than in green hellebore.
1917 H. C. Long ii. 13
Two poisonous species of hellebore may on occasion be taken by livestock, though rarely—Stinking Hellebore..and Green Hellebore.
1993 S. Marshall
There were clumps of green hellebore, spindly crocuses, windflowers and yellow aconites.
1762 W. Hudson 477
Anglis, Green Laver, or Oyster Green.
1836 J. C. Loudon
The green laver which, stewed with lemon juice, is so much esteemed in England, is the Ulva lactuca.
1894 R. O. Heslop
Slauke, the seaweed green laver, Ulva lactuca and U. latissima.
1922 W. S. Furneaux 354
It [sc. Ulva latissima] is known as the Green Laver, and is used as food in districts where the true laver (Porphyra) is not to be obtained.
1998 Sept. 126/4
In Wales, laver is boiled to a purée and coated with oatmeal to make laverbread. Fresh sea lettuce (green laver) is sold in some supermarkets and can be used in soups or salads.
green milkweed n. a North American milkweed, Asclepias (formerly Acerates) viridiflora, with green flowers.
1829 A. Eaton
[Acerates] viridiflora... Green milkweed.
1921 H. M. Hall & F. L. Long vi. 39
Another species, the green milkweed (A[cerates] viridiflora), with much more copious foliage, is reported upon.
2000 127 184/2
On the next summit north the group found Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed) in flower bud and A. viridiflora (green milkweed).